National Health Mission: History, Objectives, Components, Goals

Safalta Expert Published by: Kirti Singh Updated Wed, 09 Feb 2022 09:25 PM IST

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Read the complete detail about National Health Mission its History, Objectives, Components, Goals in this article.
 

The National Health Mission (NHM), which combines the National Rural Health Mission and the National Urban Health Mission, was started by the Indian government in 2013. In March 2018, it was extended again, this time until March 2020. It is led by a Mission Director and overseen by the Government of India-appointed National Level Monitors. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) and the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) were both recently started (NUHM). Health System Strengthening (RMNCH+A) in rural and urban regions, Reproductive-Maternal-Neonatal-Child and Adolescent Health, and Communicable and Non-Communicable Diseases are the main program components.

Source: safalta.com

NHM aspires to provide universal access to equitable, accessible, and high-quality healthcare services that are accountable and responsive to people's needs. General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: Download Here

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History:

The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), officially known as the National Health Mission[1], is a government of India effort aimed at meeting the health requirements of underserved rural areas. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), which was launched on April 12, 2005, by then-Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, was initially entrusted with addressing the health needs of 18 states classified as having poor public health indicators. The Union Cabinet, led by Manmohan Singh, approved the launch of the National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) as a Sub-mission of the overarching National Health Mission (NHM), with the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) as the other Sub-mission of the National Health Mission, in a decision dated 1 May 2013.

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Mazor Components:

National Rural Health Mission:
NRHM aims to offer rural residents, particularly disadvantaged groups, equitable, inexpensive, and high-quality health care. The Empowered Action Group (EAG) States, as well as the North Eastern States, Jammu, Kashmir, and Himachal Pradesh, have received special attention under the NRHM.

National Urban Health Mission:
NUHM aims to satisfy the health care needs of the urban population, with a particular focus on the urban poor, by making critical primary health care services available to them and lowering their out-of-pocket treatment costs.

Tertiary Care Programmes:
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the continuation of the tertiary healthcare programs for non-communicable illnesses and E-Health beyond 2020, with a budget of Rs.2551.15 crore.

Human Resources for Health and Medical Education:
The Department of Health Research's Human Resource Development Scheme aims to develop a pool of talented health research personnel in the country by upgrading the skills of faculty members of Medical Colleges/Institutes, mid-career scientists, medical students, and others, by providing specialized training in priority areas of health research at leading national and international institutions, and encouraging and supporting trainees to develop and undertake research projects.


Objectives:

  • The mission aims to go beyond previous missions' reproductive and child health focus.
  • Defend against two types of diseases: communicable and non-communicable.
  • To offer health infrastructure facilities at the District and Sub-District levels a considerable boost.

Goals:

  • Reduce the total fertility rate (TFR) to 2.1 and the infant mortality rate (IMR) to 25 per 1000 live births.
  • Reduce the maternal mortality rate (MMR) to 1 per 1000 live births.
  • Reduce the number of malaria cases to less than one per 1000 people.
  • Anemia in women aged 15 to 49 years old should be avoided and reduced.
  • Half the number of cases and deaths from TB.
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