List of Indian Freedom Fighters, Name, Image and Contribution!

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Thu, 17 Nov 2022 10:23 AM IST

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Check here the list of Freedom Fighters and their contributions at Safalta.com

As we celebrate 75 years of Independence, we ought to remember our forefathers who have laid down their lives and gone through immense sacrifices. The struggle for Independence was a prolonged struggle on various fronts- numerous students, women and men had battled hard through various means for Independence. The Indian Freedom struggle was a waking of the Indian Masses to free India from the shackles through various means.  People like Gandhi Ji, Subhash Chandra Bose, Motilal Nehru, Bhagat Singh, and Lala Lajpat Rai at various stages of struggle have fought the British to awaken the masses and ensure independence. The candidates preparing for various examinations must be aware of the list of freedom fighters and their contributions. This is not only important form the exam point of view but also instils a scene of pride and respect.  The space below has the complete list of freedom fighters and their states and contribution. 

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Contributions of Indian Freedom Fighters

Every Indian Freedom Fighter made a unique contribution to the country's beauty. The following table provides a brief overview of the contributions made by the most well-known Indian freedom fighters:

Freedom Fighter Name

Contributions and Roles

Bal Gangadhar Tilak

The Maker of Modern India, Swadeshi Movement

Dr.Rajendra Prasad

First leader of the Indian Republic

Lal Bahadur Shastri

White Revolution

Green Revolution

Second Prime Minister of India

Sardar Vallabhbhai Bhai Patel 

Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement

Unification of India

Bhagat Singh

One of the Most Influential Revolutionary

Subhas Chandra Bose

World War II

Indian National Congress

Mahatma Gandhi

Father of the Nation,

Civil Rights Activist in South Africa,

Satyagraha,

Civil Disobedience Movement

Quit India Movement

Jawaharlal Nehru

First Prime Minister of India

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Political guru of Mahatma Gandhi

Chandra Shekhar Azad

Reorganized the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) under 

formulatorsits new name of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Dadabhai Naoroji

Unofficial Ambassador of India

Tantia Tope

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Bipin Chandra Pal

Father of Revolutionary Thoughts

Swadeshi Movement

Lala Lajpat Rai

Punjab Kesari

Against Simon Commission

Ashfaqullah Khan

Member of Hindustan Republican Association

Nana Sahib

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Sukhdev

Chief of Punjab unit of HSRA(Hindustan Socialist Republican Association)

Kunwar Singh

Indian Rebellion of 1857

Mangal Pandey

Sepoy mutiny of the revolt of 1857

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Leading figures of Hindu Mahasabha and formulators of Hindu Nationalist Philosophy

List of Indian Freedom Fighters 

 

Mangal Pandey

Great Indian soldier Mangal Pandey was a key figure in the 1857 Rebellion. He is a member of the 34th regiment of Bengal Native Infantry. In 1984, the Indian government released a postage stamp in his honour. His assault on the British, which became recognised as the Sepoy mutiny's first significant incident, was carried out by the first Indian soldier.

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was an Indian politician, activist, and writer who lived from 28 May 1883 to 26 February 1966. He was known among his followers by the honorific prefix Veer. He served as the Hindu Mahasabha's public face.

Savarkar was an atheist who still practised Hindu philosophy in a practical way. British colonial authorities forbade his book THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE.

Sukhdev Thapar

On May 15, 1907, Sukhdev Thapar was born in Ludhiana, Punjab. Ramlal Thapar and Ralli Devi were his parents. He is a member of the Khatri family's Hindu community. He was raised by his uncle after the loss of his father. Along with Bhagat Singh and Shivaram Rajguru, he served as an Indian revolutionary who fought for India's independence. He was a senior member of the HSRA and was hanged on March 23, 1931, while he was only 23 years old by British citizens.

Kunwar Singh

Kunwar Singh is also known as Veer Kunwar Singh or Veer Babu Kunwar Singh. He was born on November 13, 1777, and passed away on April 26, 1858. He is a native of the Bihar district of Bhojpur's Ujjainiya Caln. He was in charge of planning the battle in Bihar against the British.

Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai, also known as Punjab Kesari, was a brilliant author, politician, and independence fighter. He was one of the trio of Lal Bal Pal that consisted of three people. His best-known works include The Story of My Deportation, USA: A Hindu Impression, and Arya Samaj.

Ashfaqullah Khan

On October 22, 1900, Ashfaqullah Khan was born. He was a freedom warrior who, along with Ram Prasad Bismil, was found guilty of the Kakori train heist and sentenced to death in 1925. He was also held in the jail in Faizabad. In April 1972, the death penalty was imposed on him.

Nana Saheb Peshwa II 

Dhondu Pant, commonly known as Nana Saheb Peshwa II (19 May 1824 – 24 September 1859), was an aristocrat, famous soldier, and leader of the 1857 insurrection. Because he was Maratha Peshwa II's adopted son, Nana Saheb was not eligible for a pension from the East India Company. He joined the 1857 uprising as a result of Standard British policy.

Dadabhai Naoroji

Dadabhai Naoroji, popularly known as the "Grand Old Man of India" and the "Unofficial Ambassador of India," was an Indian political figure, author, and academic who lived from 4 September 1825 to 30 June 1917. He served as president three times, in 1886, 1893, and 1906. He was a founding member of the Indian National Congress. Through the publication of his book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India, his "wealth drain" theory gained notice..

Tantia Tope

Tantia Tope, a major leader and general in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, lived from 16 February 1814 to 18 April 1859. His name is also spelled Tatya Tope. He had no formal military experience, but is yet regarded as one of the best and most successful rebel generals in India's war for independence. Yeola was his birthplace (near Nasik). Tantia adopted the title "commanding officer," or Tope. His given name, Tantia, is general. He travelled with the Gwalior contingent when the British retook Kanpur as Nana Saheb of Bithur's supporter (then known as Cawnpore). Gwalior was taken over by Tantia Tope and Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi. Later, General Napier's forces vanquished him.

Bipin Chandra Pal

Bipin Chandra Pal, also referred to as the "Father of Revolutionary Thoughts in India," was born in Habiganj District, modern-day Bangladesh, on November 7, 1858. He came from a prosperous Hindu family. Persian scholar was Pal's father. He was greatly influenced by Aurobindo Ghosh, Lal, and Bal. He began introducing the concept of "swaraj" to Indians. Indian Nationalism, Swaraj and Nationality and Empire, The Basis of Social Reform, The New Spirit and Studies in Hinduism, and The Soul of India are some of his most well-known works.

Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Gopal Krishna Gokhale, a social reformer who was born on May 9, 1866, and died in February 1915, created a sect to help the poor in India. He belongs to the group of reasonable nationalists who support independence. GL Gokhale served as Mahatma Gandhi's political mentor.

Chandra Shekhar Azad

One of the most significant liberation fighters in the history of the Indian Independence Movement was Chandra Shekhar Azad. The Hindustan Republican Association was rebuilt by Azad upon the passing of its founder Ramprasad Bismil (HRA). Pandit Sitaram Tiwari and Jagran Devi gave birth to him on July 23, 1906, in the Madhya Pradesh village of Bhavra. Azad's mother sent him to Kashi Vidyapeeth for his schooling because she wanted him to be a Sanskrit scholar. He joined the Mahatma Gandhi-led movement for non-cooperation after becoming drawn to independence-related concepts. When he was 15 years old and brought before the district magistrate, he was given the names Azad, Swatantrata, and Jail. His father was also given these names.

Bhagat Singh

Bhagat Singh, a charismatic revolutionary who died on March 23, 1931, took part in the erroneous murder of a young British police officer as vengeance for the killing of an Indian nationalist. Later, he took part in a symbolic bombing of the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi and went on a hunger strike while imprisoned, which led to positive coverage in Indian-owned newspapers and made him well-known in the Punjab region.

Subhas Chandra Bose

A patriot, Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) was. Netaji A well-known nickname for Subhas Chandra Bose was "Netaji." His unwavering patriotism made him India's greatest hero. His catchphrases include "Delhi chalo" and "Tum Mujhe Khoon Do, Main Tumhe Aazadi Dunga." He founded the Azad Hind Fauj and made numerous contributions to the liberation movement in India. He is renowned for his aggressive style and socialist platform, which he used to win independence.

Jawaharlal Nehru

On November 14, 1889, in Allahabad, Pt. Nehru was born. He received private instruction at home to complete his early schooling. He enrolled at Harrow School in England when he was 15 years old. He moved to Cambridge for his future studies after two years. He finished his legal studies in London and passed the bar exam. He went back to India in 1912 and entered politics right away. He is renowned for his warmth and devotion towards kids. Following his passing, November 14 is observed as Children's Day to commemorate his birthdate.

Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

Bal Gangadhar Tilak, better known as Lokmanya, was a patriot, activist, and teacher. He belongs to the trio known as LALBAL. He was the movement's first leader in favour of independence. "Lokmanya," which translates to "recognised by the people as their leader," is his given name. Mahatma Gandhi dubbed him "The Maker of Modern India." His well-known Marathi proclamation, "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it!"

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad, an Indian politician, lawyer, activist, journalist, and academic who lived from 3 December 1884 to 28 February 1963, was the country's first president from 1950 to 1962. Prasad, a supporter of Mahatma Gandhi, was imprisoned during the Quit India campaign in 1942 and the Satyagraha in 1931. At the federal level, Prasad held the position of Minister of Food and Agriculture. Prasad was unanimously chosen to serve as India's first president after the country gained independence in 1947. Ajatha Shatru, another name for a person with no adversaries

Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri, an Indian politician and statesman, was the country's second prime minister and sixth home minister from 2 October 1904 until 11 January 1966. He championed the White Revolution, a federal initiative to boost milk production and availability. In order to enhance food production in India, particularly in the states of Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh, Shastri also started the Green Revolution.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Bhai Patel 

Sardar Vallabhbhai Bhai Patel, also known as Sardar (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950), was an Indian lawyer, prominent political figure, barrister, and statesman. He held the positions of India's first home minister and first deputy minister. He is referred to as the "IRONMAN OF INDIA" and the "UNIFIER OF INDIA."

Mahatma Gandhi

In Porbandar, Gujarat, Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869. Known for being regarded as the Father of the Nation. According to a UNO statement, his birthday, October 2nd, is observed as Gandhi Jayanti in India and as the "International Day of Non-Violence" (Antarrashtriya Ahimsa Diwas) around the world. He was conceived by Putali bai and Karamchand Gandhi. He looked up to Gopal Krishna Gokhale in politics. Indian Opinion, Harijan, and Young India are among of his best-known works. He goes by the names "BAPU" and "GANDHIJI."

List of Indian women who fought for freedom

 

Sarojini Naidu

She was a well-known poet, independence fighter, and orator who was also known as the "Nightingale of India." She was chosen to serve as the Indian National Congress's president in 1925. She supported the Khilafat (Indian Disobedience) Movement and the Quit India Movement.

Madam Bhikaji Cama

At the International Socialist Conference in Germany in 1907, she raised the first Indian National Flag.

 

Begum Hazrat Mahal

She was a significant participant in India's First Independence War and also went by the name "Begum of Awadh" (1857-58). She worked alongside Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope, and others on the Revolt. In 1984, the Indian government issued a stamp in honour of Begum Hazrat Mahal.

Aruna Asaf Ali

Aruna was an ardent supporter of the Congress Party and marched in public during the Salt Satyagraha. She served as the monthly editor of "In-Qilab," a newspaper of the Indian National Congress. She is considered to as the Grand Old Lady of the Independence Movement. She is famed for hoisting the Indian National Congress flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement.

Annie Besant

She joined the Indian National Congress and got involved in the country's politics and education. She was an accomplished Irish Theosophical Society member.  She served as the first female president of the Congress.  In 1916, she started the Indian Home Rule Movement.  The "New India" newspaper was started by her.  She established a number of organisations and institutions, including the Central Hindu College High School in Banaras (1913).

Kasturba Gandhi

She participated in the Rajkot Satyagraha and the No Tax Campaign alongside Indigo workers in Champaran, Bihar, and she led the Women's Satyagraha.

Kamala Nehru

Jawaharlal Nehru's wife Kamala participated actively in the liberation fight. In addition to organising the United Provinces No Tax Campaign, she assisted in organising rallies and picketing liquor and foreign clothes stores.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

She was the leader of the Congress Party and Motilal Nehru's daughter. In an effort to oppose British supremacy, she joined the Non-Cooperation Movement.  During the Quit India Movement, she was imprisoned in both 1940 and 1942. She represented India at many international gatherings after the country gained its freedom.

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