Democracy vs Republic : Know difference between here !

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Tue, 10 May 2022 11:37 PM IST

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Clear all your queries related to Democracy vs Republic here with Safalta. Get to know the differences between Democracy  and Republic and important questions related to it. 

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Here is a detailed explanation of the differences between democracy and republic. From the standpoint of the Indian Polity Syllabus, this topic is critical. Democracy is a system of government in which the people have the power to choose the laws that govern them. The name republic comes from the Latin term Res Publica, which means "public matter." It is a type of government in which the country is treated as such. The distinction between Democracy and Republic showed here can assist UPSC Civil Service test candidates in better understanding the fundamentals and understanding their comparisons.

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Democracy vs Republic  

The difference and similarities are many. We will cover all the aspects related to both the form of the government .
 

Democracy

Republic

Athenian Democracy in Greece is an early example of democracy. The early example of the Republic is the Roman Republic (510 BC -27 BC).
There are 3 major types of democracy – Direct democracy, Representative Democracy, Constitutional Democracy The 5 types of Republics are Constitutional Republic, Parliamentary Republic, Presidential Republic, Federal Republic, Theocratic Republic.
In Democracy the power is in the hands of the people In the Republic, power is in the hands of individual citizens.
In a democratic system, laws are made by the majority. In the Republic system, laws are made by the elected representatives of the people.
In a democracy, the will of the majority has the right to override the existing rights. In the Republic system, the will of the majority cannot be overridden since the constitution will protect those rights. 
A country can have more than 1 type of democracy. A country can have more than 1 type of Republic
In a Democracy there are no constraints on the Government  In a Republic there are constraints on the Government.
In a Democracy, the main focus is the general will of the people. 


Direct democracy was the first kind of democracy, in which citizens directly deliberate and decide on laws. Representative democracy is the most common form of democracy today.
Democracy is used to obtain the key positions of power in a republican government. It can also be achieved by combining democracy with oligarchy or autocracy, rather than being occupied in perpetuity by a single family, dynasty, or group.

 

 What is democracy?

Democracy is a form of government in which a state's or polity's laws, policies, leadership, and major undertakings are decided directly or indirectly by the "people," a group historically made up of only a small percentage of the population (e.g., all free adult males in ancient Athens or all sufficiently propertytied adult males in 19th-century Britain), but now widely understood to include all (or nearly all) adult citizens since the mid-20th century.

Where was democracy first practiced?

Democracy, in general, was practised within hunter-gatherer tribes in prehistoric times, according to studies of contemporary nonliterate tribal communities and other evidence. The transition to permanent agricultural communities resulted in income and power disparities between and within communities, as well as hierarchical, nondemocratic social structures. Cleisthenes gave a largely democratic style of government to the city-state of Athens thousands of years later, in the 6th century BCE.

What is republic ?

A government having a chief of state who is not a monarch and who in modern times is usually a president .

What are 5 types of republic ?

The 5 types of Republics are Constitutional Republic, Parliamentary Republic, Presidential Republic, Federal Republic, Theocratic Republic.

What is direct democracy ?

Direct democracy was the first kind of democracy, in which citizens directly deliberate and decide on laws.

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