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Vedas vs Upanishads
|Democracy vs Republic|
|Interesting Facts About the Republic Day Parade|
TABLE OF CONTENT
- Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
- Houses of Parliament
- Functions of Lok Sabha
- Functions of Rajya Sabha
- Important questions related to the differences between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
- Between the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, who is the most powerful?
- How many members are there in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
- How are members elected in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
- How many members are nominated in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
- Who chairs Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha?
The following table summarises the significant distinctions between the upper and lower houses of Parliament:
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
|Known as the People's House||Known as the Council of States|
|It is dissolvable.||It is a permanent body since it cannot be dissolved.|
|Direct elections allow eligible voters to choose their representative.||Comprised of elected legislators from the Assemblies of States and Union Territories who are indirectly elected.|
|Lok Sabha is headed by the Speaker||The Speaker of the Lok Sabha is also the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.|
|The lower house's strength is 552.||The upper house has a strength of 250 members.|
|The Lok Sabha has the authority to reject a money bill.||The Rajya Sabha has the authority to defend the rights of states against the Union, but it cannot reject a money bill.|
|The minimum age to join is 25 years old.||To become a member, you must be 30 years old.|
|The Lok Sabha has the power to express no confidence in the government,||Rajya Sabha has no power to express no confidence|
|In the Annual Budget, the Lok Sabha can vote on grant requests.||In the case of the budget, the Rajya Sabha has no voting power and can simply debate.|
|If the Anglo-Indian Community is underrepresented, the President can designate two members.||The president names 12 members with expertise and practical experience in the arts, literature, science, and social service.|
|The method of election employed is the Universal Adult Franchise.||The election method utilised is Proportional Representation by Single Transferable Vote.|
Out of all Union Territories, only Delhi, Jammu Kashmir, and Puducherry are represented in the Rajya Sabha.
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Source: safalta.comThe Rajya Sabha is Parliament's lower chamber, and a third of its members retire every two years. Another point to keep in mind is that the Council of Ministers reports solely to the Lok Sabha, not the Rajya Sabha.
- There are 530 members who represent the States. There are 20 persons who represent the Union Territories.
- Additionally, the president proposes two candidates from the Anglo-Indian community.
- There are only 545 members in total because only 13 members are elected to represent the Union Territories.
- Two anglo Indians were not nominated for the Lok Sabha after the 104th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2019 was passed.
The Upper House of the Rajya Sabha has 250 members.
States and Union Territories are represented by 238 members who were indirectly elected. The President nominates 12 members. The current membership is 245 members, with 233 members from states and UTs and 12 members of nomination.
Legislative powers of the Lok Sabha: The Lok Sabha has the power to pass bills and laws affecting states and union territories.
When a bill is passed by two-thirds of the members of parliament in an emergency, the bill is only valid for one year.
Other bills, aside from money bills, can be passed by either the Rajya Sabha or the Lok Sabha.
In the event that these government entities are unable to reach an agreement, the President of India will intervene.
In terms of legislative power, the Lok Sabha outnumbers the Rajya Sabha.
Financial Issues: Members of the Lok Sabha introduce Money Bills. When the Lok Sabha passes a bill, it is forwarded to the Rajya Sabha for approval and suggestions. If the proposed modifications are agreed by members of the Lok Sabha, the bill would be passed by both houses of parliament. The Rajya Sabha has a 14-day deadline to make the requested adjustments.
Elections: In terms of elections, Article 54 of the Indian Constitution serves numerous purposes. The Lok Sabha chooses its own speaker, who is also a member of the lower house.
- The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha alter the Indian Constitution.
- Both houses of parliament have the power to appoint and dismiss judges from the High Court and Supreme Court.
- The Rajya Sabha must have the consent of the members of the Lok Sabha in order to remove the Vice-President.
- Every decision taken by the Rajya Sabha must be approved by the Lok Sabha.
- The Rajya Sabha is the Indian parliament that represents all of India's states and union territories.
- To become legislation, a bill must pass both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha.
- The Rajya Sabha has the power to examine and amend bills that have been passed by the Lok Sabha.
- Representatives or elected members of the assemblies of several states elect the members.
- The Rajya Sabha currently has 300 members, 12 of whom are appointed by the President of India.
The following are the questions:
A. The Parliament is made up of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, as well as the President. Powers have been granted on both houses. However, there is a minor difference in their abilities. On the following issues, the Lok Sabha has more power than the Rajya Sabha:
- The Lok Sabha has the ability to express dissatisfaction with the government in ways that the Rajya Sabha does not:
- By failing to pass a motion of gratitude for the President's inauguration address and rejecting an appropriation bill (To read on how a bill is passed in Indian Parliament, check the linked article.)
- By passing a motion of censure or adjournment
- By outsmarting the government on a crucial subject, Performing a cut motion
- Only the Lok Sabha can introduce a money bill under Article 110. (In the linked article, aspirants can learn more about Money Bill.)
- Only the Lok Sabha can introduce a financial bill under Article 110 (1).
- However, with the approval of the bill, the powers remain the same.
- The Speaker of the Lok Sabha determines whether bills are Money Bills, whereas the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha does not have this authority.
- When both chambers meet in a combined session, the Lok Sabha with the greater number of members invariably wins.
- When it comes to the union budget, the Rajya Sabha can only debate it and not vote on grant requests.
The composition of both the houses is given below:
|Composition of Lok Sabha||Composition of Rajya Sabha|
|Maximum Strength – 552||530 represent the States||Maximum Strength – 250||238 elected indirectly and are representatives of States and Union Territories|
|20 are the representatives of Union Territories||12 are nominated by the President|
|2 are nominated by the President from Anglo-Indian Community||Current strength – 245||233 represent states and Union Territories|
|Current Strength – 545||530 represent States||–|
|13 represent Union Territories||12 are nominated by President|
|2 are nominated by the President from Anglo-Indian Community||–|
A.Both houses have different election principles. In both houses, there are three types of representation:
- Representation of States
- Representation of Union Territories
- Nominated Members
Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha w.r.t Representation of States
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
Note: Number of representatives varies from state to state
Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha w.r.t Representation of Union Territories
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
Note: Union Territories (Direct Election to the House of the People) Act, 1965, has been enacted by which the members of Lok Sabha from the union territories are chosen by direct election.
Note: Out of eight UTs, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, and Puducherry have representation in Rajya Sabha
Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha w.r.t Representation of Nominated Members
|Lok Sabha||Rajya Sabha|
President nominates 2 members from Anglo-Indian Community if they are not adequately represented
Note: The provision to nominate Anglo-Indians was extended till 2020 by 95th Amendment Act, 2009
President nominates 12 members from people who special knowledge and practical experience in :
A. 12 members are nominated in Rajya Sabha. 2 are nominated from the Anglo-Indian community in Lok Sabha.
Lok Sabha is chaired by the Speaker and Rajya Sabha is chaired by the Vice-President of India.