Top 10 Famous Indian Mathematicians and Their Inventions

Safalta Expert Published by: Noor Fatima Updated Thu, 28 Sep 2023 04:54 PM IST

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Famous Indian mathematicians: When we talk about mathematics, we always have two kinds of people the ones who are outstanding at maths and the ones for whom mathematics is a nightmare. However, if we consider our daily lives, maths is an important part of them. Our life would be incomplete without maths; have you ever wondered this? From measuring your weight or height to cutting equal slices of cheese or cake, maths is involved in everything. Have you ever thought about how these amazing mathematical concepts evolved and who are the people behind them? This blog will help you know 10 famous Indian mathematicians and their inventions and contributions to the subject.

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Table of Content
Brahmagupta
P.C Mahalanobis
D.R Kaprekar
Aryabhatta
Srinivasa Ramanujan
C.R Rao
Harish Chandra
Bhaskar
Satyendra Nath Bose
Narendra Karmarkar

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Brahmagupta

Brahmagupta has made the biggest contribution to the Introduction of zero (0) to mathematics. He also elaborated on the way to find the cube and cube roots. Moreover, he also facilitated the way to calculate square and square roots.
 

P.C Mahalanobis

Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis’ most vital contribution to the field of maths was Mahalanobis's distance in Statistics. Moreover, he also made revolutionary studies in the field of anthropometry and established the Indian Statistical Institute. Additionally, he also has a significant contribution to the making of large-scale sample surveys in the country.

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D.R Kaprekar

Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar was an Indian recreational mathematician who explained multiple classes of natural numbers, including the Harshad, Kaprekar, and self-numbers. He also invented the Kaprekar constant, which was named after him.

He published widely without formal Mathematical education and was well known for his role in the recreational mathematics field.
 

Aryabhatta

Aryabhatta was the first person to state that the earth is spherical and orbits around the sun. He also mentioned the accurate number of days in a year 365. Additionally, he established the formula (a + b) 2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab

He contributed to the place value system by using letters to indicate numbers and describe qualities. 
 

Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan was one of India’s well-known mathematicians. He contributed to the Hardey-Ramanujan Littlewood circle method in number theory and offered work in elliptic functions, partial sums, continued fractions, infinite series, and products of hypergeometric series.
 

C.R Rao

Calyampudi Radhakrishna Rao is a popular Statistician. He is popularly known as C.R. Rao and has major contribution to his “theory of estimation”. Furthermore, he has a significant role in statistical theory and applications. Many of his results are included in the statistical curriculum at Bachelors's and Master's Levels around the world.
 

Harish Chandra

Harish Chandra was an Indian American physicist and mathematician who contributed to representation theory, particularly harmonic analysis on semicircle Lie groups.
 

Bhaskar

Bhaskar was an Indian mathematician and astronomer who disseminated the Mathematical work of Aryabhatta. He declared that any numerous divided by zero is infinity and that the total of any number and infinity is also infinity.

Additionally, he is also famous for his book “Siddhanta Siromani”.
 

Satyendra Nath Bose

He is well known for his collaboration with Albert Einstein. He established modern theoretical physics in the country. Satyendra Nath Bose made important modifications in statistical mechanics and quantum Statistics, the description of electromagnetic waves with the ionosphere, x-ray diffraction, and the description of all forces by single field theory.
 

Narendra Karmarkar

Narendra Karmarkar is famous for Karmarkar’s algorithm. He introduced it in 1984. The algorithm is used for solving linear programming problems. He also established an ISI highly cited researcher.
Besides the above-mentioned famous and outstanding Indian mathematicians many other popular Indian mathematicians have contributed to the origin of mathematics. He has made multiple contributions to the field of math maths that have significantly influenced scientists and mathematicians in the modern era.
We hope we have made you learn about all the Famous Indian Mathematicians and Their Inventions. If you need any assistance, reach out to Safalta School Online. 

Who is the Father of Mathematics?

The great Greek mathematician and philosopher Archimedes is called the father of mathematics.

Is zero invented in India?

Zero was invented in India during the Gupta period.

What are the contributions of Indian mathematicians?

Indian mathematicians have contributed to the field of negative numbers, Trigonometry, arithmetic, and algebra.

Who is the most famous female mathematician in India?

Shakuntala Devi was the first female Indian mathematician, who is known for her capability to solve calculations in her mind. She is popularly known as a human computer.

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