The force applied on the charges is given as –qE, and +qEas can be observed in the figure. As we are well aware that when a dipole is kept in a uniform electric field when any force on the charge is not applied, but it experiences a force equal to τ which is expressed as
Table of Content
|Amount of work performed by the external torque|
|Potential energy U (Ɵ) in relation to the inclination Ɵ of the dipole|
|The potential energy of the system in which the potential energy is nil|
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This force revolves around the dipole unless it is kept parallel or anti-parallel to the field.
Source: safalta.comIf we apply an external and opposite force, it balances the impact of this torque expressed as τext. It revolves the dipole from the angle Ɵ0 to an angle Ɵ1 at a minute angular speed without any angular acceleration.
The amount of work performed by the external torque can be expressed as-
As we are aware that the work performed in bringing a system of charges from infinity to a defined configuration is referred to as the potential energy of the system. Therefore,
The potential energy U (Ɵ) can be related to the inclination Ɵ of the dipole using the above relationship.
From the equation mentioned above, we can observe that the potential energy of the dipole kept in an external field is zero when the angle Ɵ is equal to 90° or when the dipole makes a right angle, i.e., 90°.
Electric Charges and Static Electricity
Conductors and Insulators
Basic Properties of Electric Charge
Forces between Multiple Charges
Charging by Induction
Magnetic effect of Electric Current
Assuming the initial angle at which the potential energy is nil,
The potential energy of the system is expressed as-
What is p in the potential energy of a dipole?
Is dipole moment a scalar quantity?
What is the potential energy in an external field?
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