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Syllogism Questions and Answers


Syllogism is a topic under the subject Reasoning, which is a very important section in any competitive exam. Reasoning section carries a lot of weightage in almost all the competitive exam. Within Reasoning section, syllogism is an important topic from which questions are always asked in every exam. In Syllogism, candidates have to apply the concepts of deducive reasoning to reach a conclusion on the basis of two propositions that are assumed to be true. This topic requires candidates to have clear understanding of the topic along with rigorous amount of practice. Here we have compiled some question on this topic to help candidates understand the concepts underlying Syllogism better. Attempt these questions and check your answers with the solutions provided at the end.


Important Syllogism Questions & Answers

Direction: (1-5) In the question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Investigate all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statement:
Only a few Soup are Well. No lamp is a Well.

Conclusion:
A few Lamp are Soup.
All Soup can be Well is a possibility.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
All photo are Bell.
Only a few Photo are Dear.

Conclusion:
Some Bell are Dear.
Some Photo are not Dear.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Only a few Genius are Grapes. Some Genius are not Grapes.

Conclusion:
All Genius being Grapes is a possibility.
At least some Grey are Grapes.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Only a few Sky are Car. All Kites are Car.

Conclusion:
Some Sky are Kites.
No Kites are Sky.
Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Some Sea are Rain. Only a few Fan are Sea.

Conclusion:
At least some Fan are Rain.
All Fan being Rain is a possibility.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Directions: 6-10) In the following questions three statements are given below followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. Read both the conclusions and decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements.

Statements:
Only a few Almira are Cat.
No April is Wall.
Only a few Cat are Wall.

Conclusions:
All Cat being Wall is a possibility. Some Cat are Almira.

Only conclusion I is true
Only conclusion II is true
Both conclusions I and II are true
Either conclusion I or II is true
Neither of the conclusions is true

Statements:
Only bangles are application. Some orange are bangles.
Only a few oranges are pearl.

Conclusions:
A few application can be pearl.
No pearl are bangles.
All oranges are pearl is a possibility.

Both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
Only conclusion II follows
Only conclusion III follows
Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows
None of the conclusions follows

Statements:
Only a few wire are scarf. Only scarf are okra.
Some scarf are sea.

Conclusions:
All ocean are scarf is a possibility
Some wire are sea is a possibility
No Okra are sea

Both conclusion I and conclusion II follow
Only conclusion II follows
Only conclusion III follows
Both conclusion II and conclusion III follow

Either Conclusion I or Conclusion II follows

Statements:
All chimney are toys. A few toys are whales.
Every whales is balloon.

Conclusions:
A few toys are balloon.
Some chimney being balloon is a possibility.
Some whales are chimney.

Only conclusion I and conclusion II follow
Only conclusion II follows
Only conclusion III follows
Only conclusion II and conclusion III follow
Either conclusion I or conclusion II follows

Statements:
Some candle are salt, Each salt is boat, A few candle are magazine.

Conclusions:
All magazine being candle is a possibility.
Some boats are salt.

Only conclusion I follows
Both the conclusions I and II follow
Neither conclusion I nor II follow
Only conclusion II follows
Either conclusion I or II follows.

Direction: 11-15) In the question below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Statement:
All Coat are Black.

Only a few Radio are Black.

Conclusion:
Some Coat are Radio.
Some Black are Coat.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
A few Mocktail are Voilet. No Voilet is Lemon.

Conclusion:
Only a few Lemon are Moctail.
All Mocktail can be Lemon is a possibility.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Only a few Paper are Paintings. Some Paintings are Golden.
Conclusion:
All Golden can be Paintings is a possibility.
Some Paper are not Golden.
Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Only a few Park are Belgium.

All Belgium are Ships.

Conclusion:
A few Park are Ships.
All Ships being Park is a possibility.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Statement:
Only a few Pegion are Parrot. Only a few Parrot are Kite.

Conclusion:
Some Kite are Pegion.
No Pegion are Kite.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Neither I nor II follows
Both I and II follow

Direction: 16-20) In the question below, there are three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Scrutinize all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding the commonly known facts.

Statements:
At least some machine are flamingo. 20% flamingo are cloud.
Each cloud is video.

Conclusions:
Some cloud are machine.
No machine is cloud.

Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Both I and II follow
Neither I nor II follows
Either I or II follows

Statements:
Each bedroom is silver. Every power are silver. No silver is blank.

Conclusions:
No bedroom is blank.
Some bedroom are power.

Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Both I and II follow
Neither I nor II follows
Either I or II follows

Statements:
Only a few caramel are mango. No mango is chilly.
Some guava are chilly.

Conclusions:
Some caramel are guava.
Some caramel are not chilly.

Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Both I and II follow
Neither I nor II follows
Either I or II follows

Statements:
Only a few gloves are magnetic. Some magentic are diamond.
No diamond is car.

Conclusions:
Some magnetic are not car.
At least some gloves are car.

Only conclusion I follows
Only conclusion II follows
Both I and II follow
Neither I nor II follows
Either I or II follows

Statements:
Some camera are powerful. All bank are notebook.
Some notebooks are camera.

Conclusions:
All powerful are bank.
Some notebooks are powerful.

Only I follows
Only II follows
Either I or II follows
Both I and II follow
None follows

Explanation: Answer
Option d
Option e
Option d
Option c
Option b

Solutions 1: The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
A few Lamp are Soup → False (It is possible but not definite)
All Soup can be Well is a possibility → False (It is not possible as it is given that only a few Soup are Well) Hence, neither I nor II follows.

Solutions 2 : The best diagram for the given statements is as follows
Conclusions:
Some Bell are Dear→ True (It is definite)
Some Photo are not Dear → True (It is definite as it is given that only a few Photo are Dear) Hence, both I and II follows.

Solution 3 : The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
I. All Genius being Grey is a possibility → False (It is not possible as it is given that some Genius are not Grey) II. At least some Grey are Grapes → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, neither I nor II follows.

Solutions 4 : The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
Some Sky are Kites. → False (It is possible but not definite)
No Kites are Sky → False (It is possible but not definite) Thus, conclusion I and II forms a complementary pair. Hence, either I or II follows.
Solutions 5.The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
At least some Fan are Rain → False (It is possible but not definite)
All Fan being Rain is a possibility → True (It is possible) Hence, only II follows.

Answers:
6. Option b 7.Option e
Option d
Option a
Option b

Solutions 6 : The least possible diagram is as follows:

Conclusions:
All Cat being Wall is a possibility → False (As only a few Cat are Wall.)
Some Cat are Almira → True (As only a few Almira are Cat) Hence, only conclusion II is true

Solutions 7: The least possible diagram is as follows:

Conclusions:
A few application can be pearl. – False (As only bangles are application)
No pearl are bangles. – False (It is possible but not definite)
All oranges are pearl is a possibility. - False (As only a few oranges are pearl) Hence, none of the conclusions follows

Solutions 8 The least possible diagram is as follows:
Conclusions:
All okra are scarf is a possibility - False (it is a definite statement)
Some wire are sea is a possibility - True (As only a few wire are scarf and Some scarf are sea)
No Okra are sea – True (As Only scarf are okra) Hence, both conclusion II and conclusion III follow.

Solutions 9 : The least possible diagram is as follows:

Conclusions:
A few toys are balloon. – True (As A few toys are whale and every whale is balloon.)
Some chimney being balloon is a possibility. –True (the possibility exists.)
Some whale are chimney. – False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, only conclusion I and conclusion II follow.

Solutions 10 : The least possible diagram is as follows:

Conclusions:
All magzine being candle is a possibility. – True (As few candle are magzine so possibility is true)
Some boat are salt. – True (As each salt is boat) Hence, both the conclusions I and II follow.

Answers:
Option b
Option d
Option a
Option e
Option c

Solutions 11 The least possible diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
Some Coat are Radio → False (It is possible but not definite)
Some Black are Coat → True (It is definite) Hence, only II follows.
Solutions 12 The least possible diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
Only a few Lemon are Mocktail→ False (It is possible but not definite)
All Mocktail can be Lemon is a possibility → False (As part of Mocktail is Video and it is given that, No Voilet is Lemon) Hence, neither I nor II follows.

Solutions 13 The least possible diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
All Golden can be Paintings is a possibility → True (It is possible)
Some Paper are not Golden → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, only I follows.

Solutions 14 The least possible diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
A few Park are Ships → True (It is definite)
All Ships being Park is a possibility → True (It is possible) Hence, both I and II follow.

Solutions 15 The least possible diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
Some Kite are Pegion → False (It is possible but not definite)
No Pegion are Kite → False (It is possible but not definite) Thus, conclusion I and II forms a complementary pair.
Hence, either I or II follows.
Solutions 16 The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusion:
Some cloud are machine → False (It is possible but not definite)
No machine is cloud → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, either I or II follows.

Solutions 17 The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusion:
No bedroom is blank → True (as all bedroom are part of silver and none of the silver is part of blank)
Some bedroom are power → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, only conclusion I follows.

Solutions 18 The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusion:
Some caramel are guava → False (It is possible but not definite)
Some caramel are not chilly → True (as the common part of caramel and mango will never be part of chilly) Hence, only conclusion II follows.
Solutions 19 The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusion:
Some magnetic are not car → True (as the common part of magnetic and diamond will never be part of car)
At least some gloves are car → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, only conclusion I follows.

Solutions 20 The best diagram for the given statements is as follows

Conclusions:
All powerful are bank → False (It is possible but not definite)
Some notebooks are powerful → False (It is possible but not definite) Hence, None follows.

We hope these impportant syllogism questions and asnwers were beneficial to you and could help you gain some clarity regarding syllogism. In case of any confusion you can subscribe to our free courses. Syllogism might seem tricky in the beginning, however with regular practice candidates will gain confidence and will be able to ace this section. Stay tuned with Safalta Class for more questions on Syllogism.

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