List of States And Capitals of India, Check 28 States and 8 Union Territories of India

Himani Mehra

She is a English Content Writer and works on providing informative content about various competitive exams.

Highlights

Looking for details on the list of states and capitals? Check the detailed list here at Safalta.com. Get to know the States, Union Territories, their Capitals and other details.

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Indian States, Union Territories, and Capitals: There are a total of 28 states and 8 Union Territories in India. Starting with the States Reorganisation Act, of 1956, various other amendments and acts have facilitated the formation of these states and union territories. Knowing the list of states, union territories, and their capitals is important for competitive exams as a lot of questions are asked about this topic. We have provided the complete list here in this article. Read this blog to know the Indian states, union territories, and their capitals.  For more Current Affairs news Download the Safalta App

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Table of Contents

List of States in India

As already mentioned there are 28 states in India and 8 Union Territories.

Source: Safalta

Each of these States and Union Territories is unique in its culture and people. Each state of India has administrative, legislative, and judicial capital. In some states, all three functions are conducted in one capital. Every state is ruled by a Chief Minister. Hence India as a nation is an amalgamation of diverse cultures and identities. The different states and union territories of India are as follows:  

 
State Capital Founded On
Andhra Pradesh Amaravati 1 Nov 1956
Arunachal Pradesh Itanagar 20 Feb 1987
Assam Dispur 26 Jan 1950
Bihar Patna 26 Jan 1950
Chhattisgarh Raipur 1 Nov 2000
Goa Panaji 30 May 1987
Gujarat Gandhinagar 1 May 1960
Haryana Chandigarh 1 Nov 1966
Himachal Pradesh Shimla 25 Jan 1971
Jharkhand Ranchi 15 Nov 2000
Karnataka Bengaluru 1 Nov 1956
Kerala Thiruvananthapuram 1 Nov 1956
Madhya Pradesh Bhopal 1 Nov 1956
Maharashtra Mumbai 1 May 1960
Manipur Imphal 21 Jan 1972
Meghalaya Shillong 21 Jan 1972
Mizoram Aizawl 20 Feb 1987
Nagaland Kohima 1 Dec 1963
Odisha Bhubaneswar 26 Jan 1950
Punjab Chandigarh 1 Nov 1956
Rajasthan Jaipur 1 Nov 1956
Sikkim Gangtok 16 May 1975
Tamil Nadu Chennai 26 Jan 1950
Telangana Hyderabad 2 June 2014
Tripura Agartala 21 Jan 1972
Uttar Pradesh Lucknow 26 Jan 1950
Uttarakhand Dehradun (Winter)
Gairsain (Summer)
9 Nov 2000
West Bengal Kolkata 1 Nov 1956
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 You can also read: Indian States & Union Territories (सम्पूर्ण भारत दर्शन)

List of Indian States and Their Formation

Some states existed in the Indian Nation before Independence and were divided into four parts. Post Independence there have been various changes in the boundaries of these states to give us the political and administrative setup that we have now.
 Indian States Formation Dates/Years Formed By Status Before Foundation
Andhra Pradesh 1 November 1953 States Reorganisation Act, 1956.  Part of Andhra State and Hyderabad State
Arunachal Pradesh 20 February 1987 Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986 Arunachal Pradesh Union Territory
Assam 1950 Founded as the Ahom Kingdom, reorganized as North-East Frontier Province in 1874, Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905, Assam Province in 1912, and achieved statehood in 1950.  Part of Kamarupa Kingdom
Bihar 1950 Founded as Bihar and Orissa Province reorganized as Bihar Province in 1936 and achieved statehood in 1950.  Part of Bengal Province, British India
Chhattisgarh 1 November 2000 The Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, of 2000 founded it.  Part of Madhya Pradesh
Goa 30 May 1987 Founded by the State of Goa Act, 1986.  Part of Goa, Daman, and Diu
Gujarat 1 May 1960 Founded by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, of 1960.  Part of Bombay State
Haryana 1 November 1966 Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, of 1966.  Part of East Punjab Himachal
l Pradesh 1971 Founded by the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, in 1948 as Himachal Pradesh Province, reorganized as Himachal Pradesh (Part C State) in 1950, Himachal Pradesh Union Territory in 1956, and achieved statehood in 1971.  Part of the princely states of the former Punjab State Agency
Jharkhand 15 November 2000 Founded by the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 Part of Bihar
Karnataka 1 November 1956 Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Mysore State, renamed Karnataka in 1973 Part of Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State, and Mysore State
Kerala 1 November 1956 Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, of 1956 Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
Madhya Pradesh 1 November 1950 Achieved statehood in 1950 Part of the Central Provinces and Berar, the Princely State of Makrai, and the princely states of the former Eastern States Agency
Maharashtra 1 May 1960 Founded by the Bombay Reorganization Act, of 1960.  Part of Bombay State
Manipur 21 January 1972 Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 Manipur Union Territory
Meghalaya 21 January 1972 Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 Part of Assam
Mizoram 20 February 1987 Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986 Mizoram Union Territory
Nagaland 1 December 1963 Founded by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962 Nagaland Union Territory
Odisha 1950 Founded as Orissa Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950, renamed Odisha on 1st November 2011.  Part of Bihar and Orissa Province, British India
Punjab 1947 Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, of 1966 Part of East Punjab
Rajasthan 30 March 1949 Rajasthan, earlier known as Rajputana, came into existence as part t of the princely states of the former Rajputana Agency
Sikkim 16 May 1975 Founded by the Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1975 Kingdom of Sikkim
Tamil Nadu 1 November 1956 Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Madras State, renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969 Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin
Telangana 2 June 2014 Founded by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 Part of Andhra Pradesh
Tripura 21 January 1972 Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 Tripura Union Territory
Uttar Pradesh 24 January 1950 Created as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule in 1937 and Achieved statehood as UP in 1950.  United Provinces
Uttarakhand 9 November 2000 Founded by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 as Uttaranchal, renamed Uttarakhand in 2007. Part of Uttar Pradesh
West Bengal 1950 Achieved statehood in 1950 Part of Bengal Province, British India
 

Indian States And Their Capital With Map 


The latest political map of India provides the total number of states and union territories in India and their capitals at present.

List of Union Territories in India

The 8 Union Territories in India are as follows:
Union   Territories Names Capital Founded on 
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Port Blair 1 Nov 1956
Chandigarh Chandigarh 1 Nov 1966
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu Daman 26 Jan 2020
Delhi New Delhi 9 May 1905
Jammu and Kashmir Srinagar (Summer)
Jammu (Winter)
31 Oct 2019
Lakshadweep Kavaratti 1 Nov 1956
Puducherry Pondicherry 1 Nov 1954
Ladakh Leh 31 Oct 2019
 
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Differences Between States and Union Territories

The differences between States and Union Territories are given below.
State Union Territories
 The state has its administrative units with its own elected government. Union Territories are constituent units that are controlled and administered by the Central Government.
The Executive Head is the Governor The Executive Head is the President
The relationship with the Centre is Federal. Unitary with the Centre. i.e. all the powers rest in the hands of the Union.
Administered by the Chief Minister and elected by the people. Administered by the Administrator which is appointed by the President. ( except Delhi, Puducherry, and Jammu & Kashmir)
The Chief Minister is the real head. The Lieutenant Governor is the real head.

 

How many states and union territories are there in India?

There are a total of 28 states and 8 union territories in India.

Is Jammu and Kashmir a state or a union territory?

Jammu and Kashmir was earlier a state but by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act 2019 the state has been bifurcated into two different union territories.

When was the state of Uttarakhand established?

Uttarakhand came into being as a separate state on 9 November 2000. It was earlier a part of Uttar Pradesh.

Do Union Territories have their own government like that of states?

No, union territories are administered by the Central Government.

What is the capital of Andhra Pradesh?

 The capital of Andhra Pradesh is Amravati.

How many states are there in India?

India has 28 states.

How many union territories are there in India?

India has 8 union territories.

Which state has the highest population in India?

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India.

Which state has the highest literacy rate in India?

Kerala has the highest literacy rate among Indian states.

Which state is known as the "Land of the Gods"?

Uttarakhand is known as the "Land of the Gods.

Which state is famous for the Taj Mahal?

The Taj Mahal is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

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