India's connection with science and scientific research has been a deep-rooted one.
India has the richest and highest number of research scholars along with a few premier research institutions that nurture scientists of top grade.
There have been various scientists that have done path-baking research and got worldwide recognition for their work.
; India has gifted the science of Ayurveda, the language of Sanskrit, grammar, hypnotism, chess, the decimal system, and more.
The space below has the list of the most renowned scientists and top scientists form Indian known world wide. If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.
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Table of content
- Famous Indian Scientists
- Satyendranath Bose
- APJ Abdul Kalam
- Har Gobind Khurrana
- SS Abhyankar
- Raj Reddy
- Birbal Sahni
- Subhramanyan Chandrashekhar
- Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
- CV Raman
- Srinivasa Ramanujan
- Jagadish Chandra Bose
- Homi Jehangir Bhabha
- Salim Ali
- Prafulla Chandra Ray
- Meghnad Saha
- Famous Indian Scientists : Their Inventions
The abilities of Indian scientists and inventors have been well-established in a variety of fields, including physics, medicine, mathematics, chemistry, and biology, from C.
Raman to Salim Ali.
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Some of them have also made significant contributions to the development of science research in many different parts of the world.
This article will cover the outstanding contributions made by prominent Indian scientists and inventors throughout history.
Satyendranath Bose was a renowned Indian scientist, physicist, and mathematician who is best known for his work on quantum mechanics and his collaboration with Albert Einstein to create the basis of the Bose-Einstein statistics.
He was born in Calcutta (Kolkata), West Bengal, on January 1st, 1894.
In addition to being a fellow of the Royal Society of London, he received the Padma Vibhushan, the second-highest civilian honour in India, from the Indian government in 1954.
In 1937, Rabindranath Tagore dedicated Visva-Parichay, his sole work of science.
An elite scientist named Paul Dirac gave the term "bosons" to a group of particles that adhered to the bose-Einstein statistics.Satyendranath Bose passed away on February 4th, 1974.
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, one of India's most renowned scientists and a politician, was born on October 15, 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu.
He presided over India from 2002 to 2007 for a single term.
He began his career designing helicopters for the Indian Army as an aeronautical engineer for the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
In 1969, he was moved to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), where he served as project director on SLV-III, the nation's first satellite launch vehicle, which was successful in putting the satellite Rohini into a near-Earth orbit in 1980.
Under his direction, India's nuclear and missile production projects advanced quickly.The Missile Man of India, APJ Abdul Kalam, passed away on July 27, 2015.
Indian scientist Har Gobind Khurana has received honours.
In 1968, he received the Nobel Prize.
He avoided the ideas of biochemistry.
He achieved fame by helping to show how nucleic acids' nucleotides regulate the creation of proteins.
An very well-known mathematician is SS Abhyankar.
He is renowned for making significant advances in algebraic geometry.
He was a respected professor of mathematics at Purdue University at the time of his passing.
He taught industrial engineering and computer science in addition to mathematics.
An accomplished Indian computer scientist, Raj Reddy.
He is credited with helping to shape the modern AI system as we know it.
His work is involved with the creation of sizable intelligence systems.
This has substantially aided in the development of the too popular AI system in use today.
similar to Alexa, Siri, Google Assistant, and others.
Indian scientist and well-known paleobotanist Birbal Sahni.
He is widely recognised for his work studying Indian subcontinental fossils.
He is credited with unearthing some of the oldest fossils.
According to reports, these old fossils come from different natural regions of the country.
Astrophysicist and Indian scientist Subrahmanyan Chandrashekhar won the 1983 Nobel Prize in physics.
He won the Nobel prize for his work examining the physical mechanisms involved in the formation and evolution of stars.
His most well-known discovery was the possibility of big stars collapsing due to gravity to achieve infinite densities.
Today, we may refer to these shattered stars as neutron stars or black holes.
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis, a renowned physicist and statistician, was born in Calcutta (Kolkata), West Bengal, on June 29, 1893.
He is renowned for developing the mathematical concept of Mahalanobis distance.
Along with being a member of the first Planning Commission of independent India, he founded the Indian Statistical Institute.
He has made significant contributions to the design of large sample surveys and the investigation of anthropometry in India.
On June 28, 1972, the father of contemporary statistics in India passed away.
An outstanding Indian physicist named Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman made significant contributions to the study of light scattering.
He was born on November 7th, 1888, in Trichy, Tamil Nadu, and is best known for discovering the Raman effect, a phenomena of light scattering.
He was the first Indian or Asian to win the Nobel Prize in any field of science after receiving it for his contributions to physics in 1930.
In 1954, he received the Bharat Ratna, the nation of India's highest civilian accolade.
Raman passed away on November 21st, 1970.
Ramanujan, a renowned mathematician who was born in Tamil Nadu on December 22, 1887, made fundamental contributions to mathematical analysis, infinite series, number theory, and continuous fractions.
The Ramanujan theta function, the Ramanujan prime, fake theta functions, partition formulae, and other original and novel conclusions were created by this independent mathematician.
The Ramanujan Journal is a scholarly publication that was started to publish studies in all the fields he had an impact on.
He was one of the youngest fellows of the Royal Society and the first Indian to be elected as a fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Ramanujan passed away on April 26, 1920.
Jagadish Chandra Bose, who is revered as the founder of Bengali science fiction, was born on November 30, 1858, in Mymensingh, Bengal Presidency (modern-day Bangladesh).
His innovations, such as the crescograph, a tool that could assess plant development, have made a tremendous impact on plant research.
He also made significant contributions to the study of radio and microwave optics.
He was one of the few scientists who didn't want any of his innovations to be patented.
On the moon, he has a crater named after him in his honour.
JC Bose passed away on November 23, 1937.
Homi Jehangir Bhabha, widely regarded as the founder of India's nuclear programme, was born on October 30, 1909.
An accomplished nuclear physicist, he was instrumental in persuading Jawaharlal Nehru and other senior Congress party figures to launch India's ambitious nuclear programme.
In 1945, he founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay, and in 1948, he also became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.
On January 24, 1966, Homi Bhaba perished in a plane crash while en route to Austria.
Salim Moizuddin Abdul Ali, often known as the Birdman of India, was born on November 12th, 1896 in Bombay, Maharashtra.
Salim Ali, a naturalist and ornithologist, was the first Indian to carry out comprehensive surveys of birds across the country.
He was one of the most accomplished Indian scientists because of his significant contributions to the formation of the Bombay Natural History Society and the Bharatpur bird sanctuary.
The Indian government honoured him with the Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan for his efforts in 1958 and 1976, respectively.
Together with American naturalist Sidney Dillon Ripley, he authored the ten-volume Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan.
Salim Ali passed away on June 20, 1987.
Prafulla Chandra Ray, who is regarded as the founder of chemical science in India, was born on August 2nd, 1861 in the village of Raruli-Katipara in the Jessore district of the former Bengal Presidency of British India (in present-day Bangladesh).
He was the creator of Bengal Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals, the country of India's first pharmaceutical enterprise, which was founded in Kolkata in 1901.
The book A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle Sixteenth Century was written by this distinguished Bengali.
The Royal Society of Chemistry presented him with the first-ever Chemical Landmark Plaque outside of Europe in recognition of his contributions.
Prafulla Chandra Ray passed away on June 16th, 1944.
Meghnad Saha, one of India's most renowned scientists and astrophysicists, was born on October 6, 1893, in Shaoratoli, a village close to Dhaka (in modern-day Bangladesh), which was then a part of the Bengal Presidency.
One of the fundamental instruments for analysing the physical and chemical conditions in stars is the Saha Ionization equation, which he created.
He also created a device to gauge the weight and pressure of sun rays.
He was the one who created the initial Damodar Valley Project design, and he is regarded as India's leading expert on river planning.
He was a distinguished scientist who founded and served as editor of the journal Science and Culture.
In his honour, the Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics was established in Kolkata in 1943.In New Delhi, he passed away on February 16th, 1956.
APJ Abdul Kalam
He was charge of creating the first satellite launch vehicle for India (SLV)
Satyendra Nath Bose
creating the theory of the Bose-Einstein condensate and the foundation for Bose-Einstein statistics in collaboration with Albert Einstein
created the Saha ionisation equation, which describes the chemistry and physics of stars.
Prafulla Chandra Ray
found a brand-new substance called mercurous nitrite
He Invented the systematic bird survey in India and abroad
Homi J Bhabha
the leader of India's nuclear programme and the founder of the Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC)
Jagadish Chandra Bose
created the Crescograph to track plant growth
Analysis, number theory, and findings on the infinite series for pi
He Discovered the famous Raman Effect in Physics
Prasanta Chandra Mahalanobis
developed the Second Five-Year Plan's industrialization plan and the Mahalanobis distance.
A stable white dwarf star's maximum mass is known as the Chandrasekhar limit.
studied prehistoric fossils and found Homoxylon rajmahalense petrified wood
anchored the AI system's development
made a contribution to algebraic geometry
Har Gobind Khurrana
has been made aware of how nucleotides in nucleic acids regulate the production of protein
Raj Reddy is famous for what ?
Raj Reddy discovered the anchored the AI system's development
The eminent mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss, for whom one of the awards is named, is credited with saying that mathematics is "the queen of sciences."
In 1944, the University of Calcutta conferred a Doctor of Science degree on Asima Chatterjee, becoming the first university in India to do so. Additionally, she was the first woman to be elected as General President of the Indian Science Congress, a prestigious organisation that regulates scientific research.