Computer Full Form ,Categories and Generations of Computer : Check here !

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Tue, 01 Nov 2022 11:51 PM IST

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What is the full form of Computer and its various categories .Check here at Safalta.com

Looking for a Full form of Computer? The most revolutionary machine of 20 th Century, which had wide reaching impact on fields of life and has become an integral part of our life- Is the computer. Today life without a computer is imaginable for many, from schools to colleges computers have applications in all fields. But are you aware of what letters in COMPUTER Stand for? A computer is an electrical device that receives data from a user, processes it using computations and operations, and then outputs the intended result. The term "computer" derives from the Latin word "computer," which means "to compute." The computer's full name is Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research. If you are preparing for competitive exams and looking for expert guidance, you can download our General Knowledge Free Ebook Download Now.

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Table of content

  1. Computer Full Form
  2. What types of computers are there?
  3. Generations of Computer
  4. Most Important Computer Related full forms

Computer Full Form

The term "COMMON Operating Machine" (COMPUTER) refers to equipment used mostly for business, education, and research.

  • C = Common
  • O = Operating
  • M = Machine
  • P = Particularly
  • U = Used
  • T = Trade
  • E = Education
  • R = Research
Computer = Arithmetic Logical Unit + Control unit
 
  1. Arithmetic (addition, subtraction, division, and multiplication) and logical operations are performed using the ALU, or arithmetic logical unit.
  2. Changes to the order of operations are made in response to information that is stored in the control unit
    (CU).
A general-purpose computer that is created for personal use is known as a personal computer (PC). It is practical for individuals due to its size, capabilities, and affordability. A desktop, laptop, tablet, or palmtop are all examples of personal computers. It is built on a microprocessor platform. Word processing, accountancy, spreadsheets, databases, web browsers, e-mail, gaming, and specialty software are all examples of software applications for personal computers.

The full forms listed above all pertain to computers.

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About one of these full forms, some details are provided. Please leave a comment if you have any questions or concerns about the material provided on "Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research (COMPUTER)". Alternatively, write if you have any other information on "Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research (COMPUTER)".

What types of computers are there?

The way a computer performs particular activities can be used to classify it. The following are the basic categories:

  1. Digital Computer
  2. Analog Computer
  3. Hybrid Computer

Generations of Computer

First-generation of computer :
The first generation of computers were produced between 1946 and 1954. The initial generation of computers employed vacuum tubes, commonly referred to as electronic valves. The digital computer was the first generation of computers. The Mark I and the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator are two examples of first-generation computers (ENIAC)

Second-generation of computer

The second generation spans the years 1955 through 1964. A vacuum tube was replaced with a transistor in a second-generation computer. In second-generation computers, magnetic discs served as a secondary memory and ferrite core served as the main memory. The formal language was employed. 

IBM 1620 and CDC 3600 are examples of second-generation computers.

Third-generation of computer

The third generation covers the years 1964 to 1977. In its place, transistors were replaced by integrated circuit (IC) chips. Transistors, registers, and capacitors can all be found in large quantities on a single Integrated Circuit (IC) chip. 

IBM-360 and VAX-750 are two examples of third-generation computers.

Fourth-generation of computer

The fourth generation spans the years 1978 through 1990. VLSI was used in the fourth generation. VLSI, in its full definition, is an extremely large-scale integration. VLSI refers to an integrated circuit chip with more than 1000 embedded components. This generation produced personal computers. 

Apple and IBM both offer fourth-generation products as examples.

Fifth-generation of computer

The fifth generation spans the years 1991 to the present. Uncertain ULSI chips were introduced in the fifth generation. Ultra Large Scale Integration is the full name for this technology. New technologies are introduced in the fifth generation, such as machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI).

Most Important Computer Related full forms

Computer Memory

  1. KB- Kilobyte (this is the smallest storage unit)
  2. MB- MegaByte
  3. GB- GigaByte
  4. TB- TeraByte
  5. PB- PentaByte
  6. EB- EXAByte
  7. ZB- ZetaByte

Computer Hardware

  1. BIOS- Basic Input Output System
  2. CD- Compact Disk
  3. CPU– Central Processing Unit
  4. DVD- Digital Video Disk
  5. FDD- Floppy Disk Drive
  6. HDD- Hard Disk Drive
  7. HDMI- High Definition Multimedia Interface
  8. LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
  9. LED- Light Emitting Diode
  10. MMC- Multi-Media Card
  11. NTFS- New Technology File System
  12. PDF- Portable Document Format
  13. Prom- Programmable Read-Only Memory
  14. RAM– Random Access Memory
  15. ROM- Read-only Memory
  16. SMPS- Switch Mode Power Supply
  17. SSD- Solid State Drive
  18. UPS- Uninterrupted Power Supply
  19. USB- Universal Serial Bus
  20. VDU- Visual Display Unit
  21. VGA- Video Graphics Array
  22. Computer Softwares
  23. ALU- Arithmetic Logic Unit
  24. DVI- Digital Visual Interface
  25. OS- Operating System
  26. VIRUS – Vital Information Resources Under Seige

Computer courses

  1. ADCA– Advance Diploma in Computer Application
  2. BCA- Bachelor of Computer Application
  3. COPA- Computer Operator cum Programming Assistant
  4. CSE- Computer Science Engineering
  5. DCA- Diploma in Computer Application
  6. DCE- Diploma in Computer Engineering
  7. IT- Information Technology
  8. MCA- Master of Computer Application

Computer Networking

  1. 2G- 2nd Generation
  2. 3G- 3rd Generation
  3. 4G- 4th Generation
  4. 5G- 5th Generation
  5. CDMA full form- Code Division Multiple Access
  6. DNS- Domain Name System
  7. GPRS- General Packet Radio Service
  8. GSM- Global System for Mobile Communication
  9. HTML- HyperText Markup language
  10. IP- Internet Protocol
  11. ISP- Internet Service Provider
  12. SIM- Subscriber Identity Module
  13. URL- Uniform Resource Locator
  14. VPS- Virtual Private Server
  15. WAN- Wide Area Network
  16. WIFI- Wireless Fidelity
  17. WLAN- Wireless Local Area Network
  18. WWW- World Wide Web

Computer file formats

  1. 4K- 4000
  2. GIF- Graphical Interchangeable Format
  3. HD- High Definition
  4. MP3- MPEG Audio Layer 3
  5. MP4-
  6. UHD- Ultra High Definition

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What is the full form of DVD ?

DVD- Digital Video Disk

What you know about the first generation computer ?

The first generation of computers were produced between 1946 and 1954. The initial generation of computers employed vacuum tubes, commonly referred to as electronic valves. The digital computer was the first generation of computers. The Mark I and the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator are two examples of first-generation computers (ENIAC)

What is computer full?

The full form of the Computer is Common Operating Machine Purposely Used for Technological and Educational Research. Computer = Arithmetic Logical Unit + Control unit.

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