List Of Biosphere Reserves In India, Check the complete list here!

Safalta Expert Published by: Deepesh Mehra Updated Wed, 23 Nov 2022 11:37 PM IST

Highlights

Looking for the list of Biosphere Reserves in India? Get to know the details of the names and locations of the Biosphere Reserves here at Safalta.com.

In India, there are 18 biosphere reserves. (categories roughly corresponding to IUCN Category V Protected areas) to safeguard larger natural habitat areas than the typical national park or animal sanctuary. Frequently, these categories also include one or more national parks or reserves, as well as buffer zones that are open to some economic uses. The Biosphere Reserve is a large region that is protected for the conservation of natural wildlife, plant and animal resources, and tribal practices. A biosphere reserve helps to keep a region's biodiversity and culture intact. Additional protected areas might be found within a biosphere reserve.

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For example, the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve has two wildlife sanctuaries—Bori and Pachmarhi—in addition to Satpura national park. The government built protected places like wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, biosphere reserves, and so on in order to maintain and conserve biodiversity. It also established regulations, procedures, and policies to do so. All forms of the plantation, farming, grazing, tree-cutting, hunting, and poaching are outright prohibited.
 
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Table of Content

  1. Biosphere Reserves
  2. List of Biosphere Reserves in India
  3. List of Biosphere Reserves included in MAB List
  

Biosphere Reserves 

Before we list the biosphere reserves along with their location candidates must know the criteria for setting up of biosphere reserve. Criteria for Designation of Biosphere Reserve
  • A site must contain a protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • The core area must be a bio-geographical unit and should be large enough to sustain viable populations representing all trophic levels.
  • The involvement of local communities and use of their knowledge in biodiversity preservation.
  • Areas potential for preservation of traditional tribal or rural modes of living for harmonious use of the environment.

There are 727 biosphere reserves in 131 countries, including 22 transboundary sites. They are distributed as follows:

  • 86 sites in 31 countries in Africa
  • 35 sites in 14 countries in the Arab States
  • 168 sites in 40 countries in Asia and the Pacific
  • 306 sites in 24 countries in Europe and North America
  • 132 sites in 22 countires Latin America and the Caribbean.
  • There are 18 biosphere reserves in India:
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List Of Biosphere Reserves In India

The list is as follows:
  1. Cold Desert, Himachal Pradesh
  2. Nanda Devi, Uttrakhand
  3. Khangchendzonga, Sikkim
  4. Dehang-Debang, Arunachal Pradesh
  5. Manas, Assam
  6. Dibru-Saikhowa, Assam
  7. Nokrek, Meghalaya
  8. Panna, Madhya Pradesh
  9. Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
  10. Achanakmar-Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh
  11. Kachchh, Gujarat (Largest Area)
  12. Similipal, Odisha
  13. Sundarban, West Bengal
  14. Seshachalam, Andhra Pradesh
  15. Agasthyamala, Karnataka-Tamil Nadu-Kerala
  16. Nilgiri, Tamil Nadu-Kerala (First to be Included)
  17. Gulf of Mannar, Tamil Nadu
  18. Great Nicobar, Andaman & Nicobar Island
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List Of Biosphere Reserves Included In MAB List

There are 7 most significant biosphere reserves that are listed in the MAB list. The Biosphere reserves included in the MAB list enjoy the special distinction of global recognition, but the magnet and control of such areas are under the National Government, Unesco guides and assists the member nation.  The Indian List of biosphere reserves includes 1 marine national park and 10 other land-based national parks. The detailed list is as follows:
  • Nilgiri (First to be included)
  • Gulf of Mannar
  • Sunderban
  • Nanda Devi
  • Nokrek
  • Pachmarhi
  • Similipal
  • Achanakmar - Amarkantak
  • Great Nicobar
  • Agasthyamala
  • Khangchendzonga 
  • Panna
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Now Learn The location of MAB Sites With the Help Of MAP
 

List of Biosphere Reserve: Criteria for Designation

  • A site that must contain an effectively protected and minimally disturbed core area of value of nature conservation.
  • The core area should have characteristics of a bio-geographical unit and be sizable enough to support thriving populations that represent all trophic levels in the ecosystem.
  • In order to integrate biodiversity protection and socioeconomic development while controlling and containing disputes, the management authority must secure local communities' participation and collaboration.
  • areas with the potential to preserve traditional tribal or rural ways of life for environmentally friendly use.
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Biosphere conservation

India is a signatory to the landscape approach backed by the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme, which serves as the guiding force behind the Biosphere Reserve Program. The Government of India has been operating a programme known as the Biosphere Reserve since 1986, in which financial support is given to the states of the North Eastern Region and the three Himalayan states in a ratio of 90:10 and to other states in a ratio of 60:40 for the upkeep, development, and improvement of specific items. The Management Action Plan is created by the State Government and is authorised and followed by the Central MAB Committee.

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Which is the 1st Biosphere Resreve Of India?

The Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve was the first biosphere reserve in India established in the year 1986. 

Which is the larget Biosphere reserve of India?

Part of Kutch, Morbi, Surendranagar and Patan districts; the largest biosphere reserve in India

How many biosphere reserves are there in India?

There are 18 Biosphere reserves in India as of 2022, of which 12 are also part of the UNESCO MAB Programme.

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