Galileo Galilei, The Father of Modern Science and Astronomy

Safalta expert Published by: Gitika Jangir Updated Wed, 23 Nov 2022 11:27 PM IST


Here is all you need to know about English Speeches and Topics. Read the article to learn and understand about Galileo Galilei, The father of science, his inventions, and contribution in the field of science. 

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Galileo Galilei The Father of Modern Science: Galileo Galilei is considered as the 'Father of modern Physics. Today, the simple laws of motion as defined by Isaac Newton, for example, are known to the most modest students, yet Galileo spent his life unraveling these mysteries. Even Albert Einstein referred to Galileo Galilei as the 'Father of Modern Science'. The law of inertia, which Isaac Newton later used as the first law of motion, the parabola as the path of a projectile, the correlations between distance and velocity and distance and time, and the continuity of acceleration are only a few of his many discoveries. Galileo Galilei's tremendous contributions to astronomy and physics laid the groundwork for understanding many of the mysteries of the cosmos. Galileo Galilei, who is considered the Father of Modern Science and Astronomy, is a person that everyone with an interest in science and astronomy should become familiar with. His early experiences and contributions to science are noteworthy and informative.
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Who was Galileo Galilei ?

Galileo was born on February 15, 1564, in Pisa, Italy. He enrolled at the University of Pisa to continue his studies to become a doctor after receiving a medical degree, but he never completed his coursework there.


Though he stopped attending school in 1589, he continued to work as a math professor at the same university since he was so passionate about the topic. He began investigating motion and gravity at this time, in addition to working on a variety of papers, lectures, and treatises. Despite his critique of Aristotle, he was awarded another key job after a successful career as a college professor. He resumed his work in applied physics, kinematics (or mechanical engineering), and materials engineering while under house imprisonment by the Church Inquisition for his support of the Copernican Heliocentric Theory. He died on January 8, 1642, while imprisoned in his own home.

His contributions in the field of science

Galileo did not limit his scientific research to a single field. He had a thorough understanding of the moon's characteristics, Venus's phases, Jupiter's four moons, its sunspots, and the current astronomical observations. He had a creative mind as well, and he improved the telescope for use in scientific, military, and mathematical calculations. The precision of the military and ballistic compass of the time was then improved by using it. He also published significant works in 1632, such as Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems. The discussion is founded on Aristotle's Ptolemaic worldview, Galileo's astronomical discoveries, and the scientific Enlightenment.

How he impacted science ?

NASA launched Galileo, the first unmanned scientific spacecraft to orbit Jupiter, in October 1989. Galileo carried out an asteroid fly-by and sent probes into Jupiter's atmosphere. The Galileo Positioning System, a 30-satellite GPS system created by the European Union and the European Space Agency, went into service in 2016. Galileo's compelling and unmistakable discoveries in the field earned him the title "Father of Science." He established the scientific technique of experimentation and popularised the use of the refracting telescope for important astronomical findings. As a result, he is frequently referred to as the "founder of modern physics" and "the father of modern astronomy." Galileo made a significant contribution to contemporary science that allowed for the methodical application, advancement, and justification of scientific techniques.


Galileo's contemporaries understood the peril of going against church doctrine. However, the Church's position on scientific study was ambiguous by the early 17th century. Five years after Sidereus Nuncius, Galileo's treatise, was published, the Church acted decisively against him (Starry Messenger). He was called before the Roman Inquisition in 1615 and told not to pursue any cases involving the heliocentric hypothesis. He was later found guilty of promoting Copernicus' theories and given a life sentence in 1633.

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Who is father of biology?

The Father of Biology is thought to be Aristotle. He is recognised as the founding figure of zoology. Animal and Plantae were the first two kingdoms he categorised. "Aristotle's Biology," which discusses metabolism, temperature control, and embryogenesis, is the name of Aristotle's philosophy of biology.

Who was Galileo Galilei ?

He was an educator, scientist, philosopher, and astronomer who is credited with starting the scientific revolution.

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