List of All Prime Ministers of India (1947 to 2022): Check the complete list here!

Safalta Expert Published by: Saloni Bhatia Updated Fri, 24 Jun 2022 09:12 AM IST

Highlights

Looking for the list of Prime Ministers of India? Get the complete list here along with additional details.

The Prime Minister is the head of government and is appointed by the President of India. This is done after the winning of a political party in a general election. A candidate is nominated as the prime minister and the effective executive power rests with the Council of Ministers is headed by the Prime Minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister of India and he is the longest-serving prime minister in India. He was appointed on August 15, 1947. Moreover, Narendra Modi is the current prime minister of India. As per the constitutional scheme of things - the executive power of the Indian Government through vested in the President, they are exercised by the Prime Minister.  He is also called the de facto executive as all the powers are exercised by him, President being the nominal or ceremonial head of the State. While our nation celebrates 75 years of Independence let's have a look at all the leaders and statesmen who have led our nation. The space below has the list of all the Prime Ministers Since independence.  In this article, we will be discussing the complete list of Prime Ministers of India (1947 to 2022). Half Yearly Current Affair Magazine 2022 Free E-Book -Download Now 
 
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Table of Contents

  1. List of all Prime Ministers of India
  2. Important Facts Related to the Prime Minister of India


List of all Prime Ministers of India


The list of Prime Ministers of India is as given below:
 
S.No.
Name
Born-Dead
Term of office
Remark
1. Jawahar Lal Nehru (1889–1964) 15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days
The first and longest-serving Prime Minister of India, as well as the first to die in office.
2. Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting) (1898-1998) 27 May 1964 to 9 June 1964,
13 days
India's first acting Prime Minister
3. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966) 9 June 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days
During the 1965 Indo-Pak war, he coined the phrase "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan."
4. Gulzari Lal Nanda (Acting) (1898-1998) January 11, 1966 - January 24, 1966
13 days
-
5. Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days
India's first lady Prime Minister
6. Morarji Desai (1896–1995) 24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 years, 126 days
At the age of 81, he was the oldest person to become Prime Minister and the first to resign.
7. Charan Singh (1902–1987) 28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
170 days
The only Prime Minister who did not address the Parliament
8. Indira Gandhi (1917–1984) 14 Jan.1980 to 31 October 1984
4 years, 291 days
The first lady to serve as Prime Minister for a second term
9. Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991) 31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989
5 years, 32 days
At 40 years old, he is the youngest person to become Prime Minister.
10. V. P. Singh (1931–2008) 2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990
343 days
The first prime minister to resign following a no-confidence vote
11. Chandra Shekhar (1927–2007) 10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991
223 days
He is a member of the Samajwadi Janata Party.
12. P. V. Narasimha Rao (1921–2004) 21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
4 years, 330 days
South India's first Prime Minister
13. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924- 2018) 16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
16 days
PM with the shortest term
14. H. D. Deve Gowda (born 1933) 1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
324 days
He was a Janata Dal member.
15. Inder Kumar Gujral (1919–2012) 21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998 332 days ------
16. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1924-2018) 19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days
The first non-congressman to serve as Prime Minister for a full term.
17. Manmohan Singh (born 1932) 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days
First Sikh PM
18. Narendra Modi (born 1950) 26 May 2014, Incumbent India's fourth Prime Minister, who served two terms in a row.

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Important Facts Related To The Prime Minister Of India

  •  Some important points asked in various exams are given below.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India. He is also India's longest-serving prime minister.
  • Indira Gandhi was the first Woman Prime minister of India.
  • Rajiv Gandhi was sworn in as India's youngest Prime minister of India.
  • Manmohan Singh is the first Sikh Prime minister of India.
  • Narendra Damodardas Modi is the current Prime minister of India (14th).
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Role Of Prime Minister 

The link between the President and the Council of Ministers: The Prime Minister is the leader of the Council of Ministers and serves as the channel of communication between the President and the Council of Ministers.

Allocation of Portfolios: He allocates portfolios among the ministers and distributes work among various ministries and offices.

In-Charge of Ministries: He is generally in charge of the following ministries/departments:
 

  • Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions
  • Ministry of Planning
  • Department of Atomic Energy
  • Department of Space
  • Appointments Committee of the Cabinet

Leader of the Cabinet: The Prime Minister summons and presides over meetings of the cabinet and determines what business shall be transacted in these meetings.

Official Representative: The Prime Minister represents India in various delegations, high-level meetings and international organisations and also addresses the nation on various occasions of national importance.

Head of the Government: The Prime Minister of India is the head of the Government. Though the President is the head of the State, most of the executive decisions are taken by the Prime Minister. 




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Which article of the Constitution is related to the President?

The article 75 mentions that there shall be a Prime Minister of India. Appointed by the President. 

Who is the de facto head of India?

The Prime Minister is referred to as the De facto head of the state.

Who was the first Prime Minsiter of India?

Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime minister of India. He also India's longest-serving prime minister.

Is Prime Minister a part of Council of miniters?

Yes. the Prime Minister is a part of council of Ministers. 

 

Can the Prime Minsier be from the Rajya Sabha?

Yes, the Prime Minsiter can be a part of Rajya Sabha.

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