Are you aware of the Nationalised Banks In India? Banks are financial institutions acting as intermediatory in the economic landscape. Banks are crucial aspects of the economic system involved in capital creation, saving, and lending. The Indian Banking system has its root in the British Economic system, where banks were initially foreign-owned and acted as tools for financial exploitation of India. Since Independence banks have been playing a crucial role in the Indian Economy with a focus on wealth creation.. Post-independence, the government of India took numerous steps to improve the country’s economic development, and one of the major steps they took was establishing RBI in April 1935. Banking System now comprises broadly two types of banks - Private owned and Public owned banks. Public-owned banks have the majority of shares with the government, with management too under the government. Some public sector banks were once private banks which were later on nationalized. Candidates must know that there is no fixed number of nationalized banks. The list of nationalized banks keeps on changing from time to time. Throughout the history of Independent India, there have been two major instances of Bank Nationalisation, the Bank Nationalisation of 1969 was a major one. Find out what are different types of banks in India are. Here are some important facts related to the Nationalised Banks in India.
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- The first national-owned Bank of India was Punjab National Bank Est in 1895 by the likes of Dayal Singh Majehtiya and Lala Lajpat Rai.
- The Imperial Bank Of India came into being through The Reserve Bank Of India Act of 1935.
- Banking Regulation Act 1949 is a legal framework that contains rules and regulations related to the banking system.
- Reserve Bank Of India regulates all the nationalised and non-nationalised banks in India.
The nationalized banks are those banks that were ones owned by the private players but due to the financial or socio-economic exigencies, the ownership was acquired by the government. In more technical terms Nationalised Banks have such an ownership structure where the government is the majority shareholder i.e. >50%. The list of nationalized banks is important for competitive exams from a question perspective and is also relevant for banking aspirants who wish to join one of the Government banks. As of today, there are 12 nationalized banks in India. Read this article to know more about the List of Nationalised Banks in India and other important aspects related to the banking sector.
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Table of Contents
- List of Nationalised Banks in India
- Why Banks are Nationalised
- Important Facts Related to Banks
- What are Government Banks
As of July 2020 after the recent mergers of government banks, there are a total of 12 nationalized banks in India. The list of nationalised banks is as follows :
- State Bank of India
- Punjab National Bank (With Merger of Oriental Bank of Commerce and United Bank of India)
- Bank of Baroda
- Canara Bank (With Merger of Syndicate Bank)
- Union Bank of India (With Merger of Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank)
- Bank of India
- Indian Bank (With Merger of Allahabad Bank)
- Central Bank of India
- Indian Overseas Bank
- UCO Bank
- Bank of Maharashtra
- Punjab & Sind Bank
|Nationalized Banks||Important Informationn|
|State Bank of India||
The bank was founded in 1955. With the merger with its 5 associates banks, SBI has the largest branch network in India.
|Punjab National Bank||The bank was established in 1894. PNB bank is merged with OBC Bank and United Bank.
|Bank of Baroda||It is the third-largest public sector bank in the country established in 1908. Bank of Baroda will be merged with Vijaya Bank and Dena Bank to create the country’s third-largest lender
|Canara Bank||Canara Bank is one of the oldest public sector banks in India. The bank was founded in 1906 by the name Canara Hindu Permanent Fund but later changed its name to Canara Bank Limited in 1910.
|Union Bank of India||The government holds 90% of its share capital. The bank was founded in 1919.
|Bank of India||
Bank of India is the founder member of SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Inter Bank Financial Telecommunications) and one of the top 5 banks in India.
It was founded in 1907. With Merger of Allahabad Bank.
|Central Bank of India||
Central Bank of India was one of eighteen public sector banks that get recapitalized in 2009. It is founded in 1911.
|Indian Overseas Bank||
Indian Overseas Bank has 6 foreign branches and a representative office. It was founded in 1937.
It was founded in 1943. UCO bank recently launched its Whatsapp banking.
|Bank of Maharashtra||
. The Government of India has 87.74% shares of this bank. It is founded in 1935.
|Punjab & Sind Bank||
Punjab and Sind Bank is emerging as a techno-savvy public sector bank of India. It was founded in 1908.
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Bank Nationalisation is a policy decision, which is undertaken keeping certain goals in mind. From time to time Central Government can carry out the nationalization of banks. Though candidates must note that Nationalisation as a policy call has lost the favor of Governments post-liberalization of 1991. Nariman committee on banking reforms 1991 and 1998 has called for more private banks in India. More recent government reports like documents have called for Two nationalized banks of global standing. Yet besides knowing the list of nationalized banks candidates must be aware of the reason for bank nationalization.
- Financial Inclusion of masses.
- To promote rapid growth in agriculture, small industries, and export, to encourage new entrepreneurs.
- To Discourage crony capitalisation.
- Ensure prudent lending and better management of banks.
You can also read:
- Allahabad Bank is the oldest Joint Stock Bank of India.
- Andhra Bank was founded by Freedom Fighter Dr. Bhogaraju Pattabhi Sitaramayya
- Bank of India, London, 1946 was the first bank to open a branch outside India.
- The first bank to be given an ISO 9002 certificate for one of its branches — Canara Bank
- The Postal Dept has issued a commemorative stamp in the name of this bank celebrating 100 years in 2011 — Central Bank of India
- First Indian Bank to be wholly owned by Indians — Central Bank of India
- The bank formed on the efforts of Lala Lajpat Rai — Punjab National Bank
- The only merger of nationalized banks took place between — Punjab National Bank and New Bank of India in 1993
- The bank whose brand equity is “Pygmy Deposit Scheme” — Syndicate Bank
- The bank which was conceived by Shri GD Birla — UCO Bank
- The bank which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 — Union Bank of India
- The largest among nationalized banks — Punjab National Bank
- The bank was established in the year 1913 as Bank of Mysore Ltd. at the instance of the banking committee headed by the great Engineer – Statesman, Late Dr. Sir M.Visvesvaraya — State Bank of Mysore
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The public sector banks or PSBs are more commonly known as the Government Banks. The government banks are not under the direct control of the government but the Government of India is the majority stakeholder in them i.e the GOI has more than 51% of the shares. There are 12 government banks in India or Public sector banks.
List Of Payment Banks In India
Besides the regular banks in India, Payments banks are a new model of banks, conceptualised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), which cannot issue credit. These banks can accept a restricted deposit, which is currently limited to Rs. 200,000 per customer and may be increased further. The payment banks cannot issue loans and credit cards. Both current accounts and savings accounts can be operated by such banks. The list of payment banks for General Awareness of candidates is mentioned below:
|Sr. No.||Bank Name||BHIM Aadhaar Pay - Acquirer||BHIM Aadhaar Pay - Issuer||Table Name|
|1||ESAF Small Finance Bank||No||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|2||Fino Payments Bank||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|3||Equitas Small Finance Bank||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|4||India Post Payment Bank||No||No||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|5||Suryoday Small Finance Bank Ltd.||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|6||Ujjivan Small Finance Bank||No||No||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|7||AU Small Finance Bank||No||No||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|8||Jana Small Finance Bank||No||No||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|9||Airtel Payment Bank||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|10||NSDL Payment Bank||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|11||Paytm Payment Bank||No||No||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
|12||Fincare Small Finance Bank||Yes||Yes||Payment Banks and Small Finance Bank|
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How many nationlaised banks are in India?
What are nationalised banks?
What are the recen mergers in Banks In India?
|Anchor Bank||Banks to be Merged with Anchor Bank|
|Punjab National Bank||Oriental Bank of Commerce + United Bank of India|
|Canara Bank||Syndicate Bank|
|Indian Bank||Allahabad Bank|
|Bank Of Baroda||Dena Bank +Vijaya Bank|