SSC CGL vs SSC CHSL: Which is Better and Tougher?

Safalta Expert Published by: suzan poudel Updated Tue, 26 Apr 2022 05:22 PM IST


Before going through with anything  candidates must research about both SSC CGL and SSC CHSL carefully and then choose a career opportunity for themselves.In this article we will articulate for you the differences between SSC CGL & SSC CHSL Exam .

The Government of India, in the Department of Personnel and Administrative Reforms, on November 1975 constituted a Commission called the Subordinate Services Commission which has subsequently been re-designated as Staff Selection Commission effective from the 26th September 1977 to make recruitment to various Class III (now Group “C”) (non-technical) posts in the various Ministries/Departments of the Govt. of India and in Subordinate Offices. Every year lakhs of applicants apply for the SSC exams but only a few are able to get Group C or Group D posts. Now, students can prepare for SSC Exams with our Free SSC Video Course here. Candidates who wish to know which amongst the two is better or any other details can refer to this article for the same. When the question comes to appearing for the exams, candidates are often seen confused regarding the differences between SSC CGL and SSC CHSL Examination, most puzzling aspects are which exam has better perks like better career and growth opportunities etc.  In this article, we will cover the SSC CGL and SSC CHSL Examination in detail for the benefit of all the candidates.  If you are preparing for competitive exams and are looking for expert guidance, you can check out our  FREE SSC General Awareness E-book- Download now for all competitive exams.

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Full Form of  SSC CGL & SSC CHSL:

The full form of SSC CGL is - Combined Graduate Level Examination which is conducted by the Staff Services Commission for graduates who have just passed their Bachelor's exam from university.
Combined Higher Secondary Level Exam popularly known as SSC CHSL is conducted every year by the Staff Selection Commission for selection of candidates  to the posts of Lower Division Clerk (LDC)/ Junior Secretariat Assistant (JSA), Postal Assistant (PA)/ Sorting Assistant (SA) and Data Entry Operator (DEO).

Get salary details here:
  1. SSC CGL Salary & Posts 2022: In-hand salary, job description, allowances
  2. SSC CHSL Salary 2022: Check in-hand salary, allowances, payscale, benefits
  3. SSC Stenographer Salary
  4. SSC CPO Salary
  5. SSC JE Salary


The major difference between the two is in terms of the posts that are released for recruitment . Here is the tabulated chart of the various posts for which recruitment is conducted.
  • Assistant Audit Officer     
  • Assistant Accounts Officer    
  • Assistant Section Officer    
  • Assistant 
  • Inspector of Income Tax
  • Inspector (Central Excise)
  • Assistant Enforcement Officer 
  • Sub Inspector    
  • Inspector 
  • Junior Statistical Officer    
  • Statistical Investigator Grade-II    
  • Auditor
  • Accountant/ Junior Accountant     
  • Senior Secretariat Assistant/ Upper Division Clerks     
  • Tax Assistant
  • Upper Division Clerks
  •  Lower Division Clerk (LDC)
  •  Junior Secretariat Assistant(JSA)
  •  Postal Assistant (PA)
  •  Sorting Assistant (SA)
  • Data Entry Operator (DEO)
  • Data Entry Operator, Grade “A”



The eligibility criteria of both the exams has been listed down for you below:
SSC CGL  &  SSC CHSL: Eligibility Criteria
Bachelor’s Degree from a recognized University or equivalent. Candidates must have passed 12th Standard or equivalent examination from a recognized Board or University.
Candidates appearing for the exam must be between  18 years - 32 years of age. Relaxations in age as per government norms, Age limit for the posts is 18-27 years on the date of filling up the form . Relaxations will be provided to reserved categories as per government norms.

The candidates who are willing to appear for the following exams can read more about the eligibility criteria  that is required  to be fulfilled by the candidates :

SSC CGL- Eligibility Criteria

SSC CHSL -Eligibility Criteria

SSC CHSL Syllabus 2022

SSC CGL & SSC CHSL Exam Pattern

The exam pattern for both exams is slightly different from each other. Candidates who are interested can know the difference between the SSC CGL and SSC CHSL exam patterns below:

Tier I (Objective): General Intelligence & Reasoning, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, English Language Tier I (Objective): General Intelligence, General Awareness, Quantitative Aptitude, English Language
Tier II (Objective): Quantitative Aptitude, Statistics, English Language & Comprehension, General Studies (Finance & Economics) Tier II (Descriptive): Writing an Essay or a Letter/ Application
Tier III (Descriptive): Writing Essay/ Letter/ Application, Precis, etc.) Tier III (Skill/ Typing Test): to test Computer proficiency and data entry speed
Tier IV: Computer Proficiency and data entry speed test

Interested  candidates who are willing to appear for the following exams can read more about the exam pattern  here:


Check SSC CGL & SSC CHSL Syllabus and other information here:


A. General Intelligence and
Semantic Analogy, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Figural Analogy, Semantic Classification, Symbolic/ Number Classification, Figural Classification, Semantic Series, Number Series, Figural Series, Problem Solving, Word Building, Coding & de-coding, Numerical Operations, symbolic Operations, Trends, Space Orientation, Space Visualization, Venn Diagrams, Drawing inferences, Punched hole/ pattern- folding & un-folding, Figural Pattern-folding and completion, Indexing, Address matching, Date & city matching, Classification of centre codes/ roll numbers, Small & Capital letters/ numbers coding, decoding and classification, Embedded Figures, Critical thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Social Intelligence  

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General Awareness
Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidates’ general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research  
C. Quantitative Aptitude For Arithmetic:
  • Number System
  • Square Root
  • Fractions and Decimals
  • Number Series
  • Data Interpretation
  • Time and Distance
  • Work and Time
  • Profit and Loss
  • Mixture and Alligations
  • Pipes & Cisterns
  • Simple and Compound Interest
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Percentage
  • Average
  • Probability
  • Permutation and Combination
For Data Interpretation:
  • Frequency Polygon
  • Histogram
  • Pie-Chart
  • Bar Diagram

For Algebra:
  • Basic Algebric Identities of School Algebra & Elementary Surds
  • Graphs of Linear Equations

For Geometry:
  • Triangle and its various kinds of centres
  • Congruence and similarity of triangles
  • Circle and its chords, tangents
  • Angles subtended by chords of a circle
  • Common tangents to two or more circles
  •  Triangle
  • Quadrilaterals
  • Regular Polygons
  • Circle
  • Right Prism
  • Right Circular Cone
  • Cylinder
  • Right Circular Cylinder
  • Sphere
  • Regular Right Pyramid with Triangular base or Square base
  • Rectangular Parallelepiped

For Mensuration:
  • Two-dimensional (2D) and Three-dimensional (3D) Mensuration
For Trigonometry:
  • Trigonometric ratio
  • Degree and Radian Measures
  • Standard Identities
  • Complementary angles.
  • Standard Identities
  • Heights and Distances
D. English Comprehension Synonyms & Antonyms, One Word Substitution, grammar skills, spelling error, comprehension passages


English Language  Spot the Error, Fill in the Blanks, Synonyms/ Homonyms, Antonyms, Spellings/ Detecting mis-spelt words, Idioms & Phrases, One word substitution, Improvement of Sentences, Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs, Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration, Shuffling of Sentence parts, Shuffling  
General Intelligence: It would include questions of both verbal and nonverbal type. The test will include questions on Semantic Analogy, Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends, Figural Analogy, Space Orientation, Semantic Classification, Venn Diagrams, Symbolic/ Number Classification, Drawing inferences, Figural Classification, Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding, Semantic Series, Figural Pattern-folding and completion, Number Series, Embedded figures, Figural Series, Critical Thinking, Problem Solving, Emotional Intelligence, Word Building, Social Intelligence, Coding and de-coding, Other subtopics, if any Numerical operations.  
Quantitative Aptitude: For Arithmetic:


Number System: Computation of Whole Number, Decimal and Fractions , Relationship between numbers.

Fundamental arithmetical operations: Percentages Ratio and Proportion, Square roots, Averages Interest (Simple and Compound), Profit and Loss, Discount, Partnership, Business, Mixture and Allegation , Time and distance, Time and work,

For Algebra: Basic Algebric Identities of School Algebra & Elementary Surds, Graphs of Linear Equations  Geometry:

Familiarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres, Congruence and similarity of triangles , Circle and its chords ,Tangents , Angles subtended by chords of a circle , Common tangents to two or more circles.

Mensuration: Triangle, Quadrilaterals , Regular Polygons, Circle Right Prism, Right Circular Cone, Right Circular Cylinder, Sphere , Hemispheres, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base

Trigonometry: Trigonometry , Trigonometric ratios, Complementary angles, Height and distances (simple problems only), Standard Identities like sin2 � + Cos2 �=1 etc.

Statistical Charts: Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram Frequency polygon Bar-diagram Pie-chart
General Awareness Questions are designed to test the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions are also designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of an educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General policy and scientific


Difference between SSC CGL And  SSC CHSL – Salary

 The difference in the salary structure after the selection must be known to all the caniddates. It will ensure you are able to make the right career choice:

SSC CGL Salary SSC CHSL Salary
The grade pay for various posts under SSC CGL varies from 2400-4800 The grade pay for different posts under SSC CHSL is between 1900-2400
The initial basic pay for different posts varies from Rs.24,446 to Rs. 61,424 The initial basic pay for different posts varies from Rs. 5200 to Rs,20,200

Also read:

RRB Full Form RRB Group D Salary RRB ALP Salary RRB NTPC Result

Analysis of SSC CGL & SSC CHSL Exams:

Candidates who are planning for SSC Exams must first understand that out of the two (CGL & CHSL) CGL Exam is of higher designation and offers more benefits than SSC CHSL Exam. But the higher the position the higher the competition around to crack it .

In simpler terms Candidates willing to join a government job immediately after class 12th can opt to apply for the SSC CHSL  while those who want to do so after their graduation can go for SSC CGL.

But before going through with anything they must research about both  SSC CGL and SSC CHSL carefully and then choose a career opportunity for themselves. 

How to Prepare for SSC CGL (Tips & Techniques )

SSC CGL Vs CHSL: Which is tougher?

To evaluate the difficulty level of both tests, examine the following parameters:

Number of applicants

The number of candidates taking the SSC CGL and CHSL exams is almost the same. However, because of the reduced eligibility criteria, the number of candidates appearing for SSC CHSL is occasionally higher. Therefore, the level of competition in the SSC CHSL exam is slightly more than the SSC CGL exam.

Standard of questions

According to the Staff Selection Commission, the difficulty level of the questions offered in the SSC CHSL exam is Class 12. The difficulty level of questions answered in the SSC CGL exam, on the other hand, is that of a graduate level.

According to certain industry professionals and students, the difficulty level of SSC CGL and CHSL Tier-I is roughly the same. There are often similar questions that appear in both tests. However, tougher questions may be asked in the SSC CGL tier-II exam. As a result, while comparing the SSC CGL tier-II exam to the SSC CHSL exam, it may be claimed that the SSC CGL exam is significantly more difficult.

To know the Frequently Asked Questions on SSC CHSL Exam: Click Here

Safalta also has preparation tips carefully crafted by our experts to help you crack the SSC CGL & SSC CHSL exams with ease. These articles will not only help you to start your preparation with great zeal but also guide you with expert techniques which you'll find nowhere else other than

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SSC CGL Exam Overview

Name Of Exam

SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level) 2020

Conducted by

Staff Selection Commission

Conducted For

Recruitment of Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) Staff in central government

Exam level

All India



Selection stages

Tier-I: Online

Tier-II: online

Tier-III: Offline

Skill Test if applicable

Time for Each Stage

Tier-I: 60 minutes

Tier-II: 120 minutes for each paper

Tier-III: 60 minutes



Exam frequency

Once a year

Mode of exam


Conducted For

Selection of candidates for Group B and C posts in ministries/departments/organisations of the Government of India


English, Hindi and other regional languages



What does SSC Stand for?

SSC Stands for - Staff Services Commission. 

What is SSC CGL?

SSC CGL is a recruitment exam conducted by Staff Services Commission for Group B and D posts under the Government Of India. 

What is SSC CHSL?

SSC CHSL Stands for Combined Higher Secondary Level Exam it is conducted for  selection of candidates to the posts of Lower Division Clerk (LDC)/ Junior Secretariat Assistant (JSA), Postal Assistant (PA)/ Sorting Assistant (SA) and Data Entry Operator (DEO).

Can a 12 th pass appaer for both the exams?

After passing 12 th you are eligible for SSC CHSL Exam, but for SSC CGL Exam you must be a graduate.

Which is tougher SSC CGL or SSC Chsl?

Both the exams have similar exam patterns and syllabus. But since SSC CGL is conducted for higher posts it has better standards of questions. Even based on the number of candidates appearing and competition SSC CGL is tougher than SSC CHSL.

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