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ISRO was founded in 1969 with the goal of developing and utilising space technology for national development, as well as conducting planetary exploration and space science research. ISRO succeeded INCOSPAR (Indian National Committee for Space Research), which was founded in 1962 by India's first Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, and physicist Vikram Sarabhai, who is regarded as the founding fathers of the Indian space programme.
The Indian Space Research Organization created India's first satellite, Aryabhata, which was launched by the Soviet Union on April 19, 1975. They've chosen to call it Aryabhata after our Indian mathematician.
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ISRO launched a lunar orbiter, Chandrayaan-1, which discovered lunar water in the form of ice, on 22 October 2008, and the Mars Orbiter Mission, which entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014, making India the first nation to succeed on its maiden attempt to Mars, as well as the first space agency in Asia to reach Mars orbit.
On 18 June 2016, ISRO launched twenty satellites in a single vehicle, and on 15 February 2017, ISRO launched 144 satellites in a single rocket (PSLV-C37), setting a world record. On June 5, 2017, ISRO launched one of the largest rockets, the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III (GSLV-Mk III), and placed a communications satellite, GSAT-19, into orbit. Following this mission, ISRO gained the ability to deploy 4-ton heavy satellites into GTO. On July 22, 2019, ISRO launched its second lunar mission, Chandrayaan-2, to research lunar geology and the distribution of lunar water.
Also read ISRO Scientist Salary 2022
- The Ahmedabad Space Applications Centre is responsible for the development of sensors and payloads.
- Satellites are planned, manufactured, installed, and tested in Bangalore's U R Rao Satellite Center, also known as the ISRO centre.
- The Thiruvananthapuram Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre constructs launch vehicles.
- The Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Sriharikota Island, near Chennai, is where launches take place.
- Master Control Facilities for geostationary satellite stations are located in Hasana and Bhopal.
- The Hyderabad National Remote Sensing Centre has facilities for gathering and storing remote sensing data.
- Antrix Corporation, headquartered in Bangalore, is ISRO's commercial arm.
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ISRO has deployed various space systems for telecommunications, meteorology, disaster warning, television transmission, and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites, including the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) for resource tracking and control.
- ISRO later created three rockets.
- The first IRS satellite was launched in 1988, and the programme has since produced more advanced satellites such as the RISAT-1 (Radar Imaging Satellite-1) launched in 2012 and the Satellite SARAL launched in 2013, a joint Indian-French mission to measure the height of ocean waves.
- ISRO launched the first INSAT satellite in 1988, and the programme was expanded to deliver geosynchronous satellites known as GSAT.
- Rohini, the first satellite sent into orbit by an Indian-made launch vehicle, was launched on July 18, 1980.
- The Soviet Union launched the first ISRO satellite, Aryabhata, on April 19, 1975. 1) PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) - This machine is used to launch satellites into polar orbits. 2) GSLV (Geostationary Space Launch Vehicle) — This vehicle is used to place satellites into geostationary orbit. 3) LVM or GSLV Mark III — This is a heavy-lifting version of the GSLV.
- The rocket is used to launch missions to the Moon, such as Chandrayaan-1 in 2008, Chandrayaan-2 in 2019, and Mars Mars Orbiter Mission in 2013.
- ISRO intends to launch people into orbit in upcoming years.
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