List of Indian Governors Generals, Check the Complete List of Governor Generals of India here!

Safalta experts Published by: Ojal Rana Updated Fri, 16 Dec 2022 10:33 PM IST


Looking for the list of Indian governors general? For more information and the entire list, see this page.

List of Governor Generals of India: India had vairous Governor-Generals during the British Period. After the passing of the Regulating Act of 1773, the position of Governor General was created. Many a times, there are a lot of questions on Governor-Generals of India. Candidates who are preparing for different competitive exams should know the complete list of all the Governor Generals of India. Read this article to know about all the governor-generals of India. General Knowledge Ebook Free PDF: Download Here

Warren Hastings served as Bengal's first governor-general from 1772 to 1785. The Bengal Supreme Council was headed over by an English politician by the name of Warren Hastings.

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He implemented the Regulating Act of 1773, which put an end to the Dual Government system. The Calcutta Madrasa for the advancement of Islamic studies was founded by him and William Jones in 1781, and the Asiatic Society of Bengal was founded in 1784. In 1801, Hastings was selected as a Member of the Royal Society. By the Charter Act of 1833, the Governor-General of Bengal was designated Governor-General of British India. William Bentick served as British India's first governor-general.

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Table of content

1.List of Governors-General of Bengal
2.List of Governor Generals of India

List of Governors-General of Bengal

Warren Hastings served as Bengal's first governor-general from 1772 to 1785. English statesman Warren Hastings was the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal. Through the implementation of the Regulating Act of 1773, he ended the Dual Government system. Together with William Jones, he established the Asiatic Society of Bengal in 1781 and the Calcutta Madrasa for the advancement of Islamic studies in 1784.

The Governor-General of Bengal became the Governor-General of British India under the Charter Act of 1833. Additionally, William Bentick served as British India's first governor-general.
Year Governor-General of Bengal Major Reforms & Events
1772-1785 Warren Hastings
First Governor-General of Bengal

End to the dual system of administration

Regulating Act of 1773

Supreme Court at Calcutta

Asiatic Society of Bengal

First Anglo-Maratha War and Treaty of Salbai

First English translation of Bhagavad Gita

Pitt’s India Act-1784

1786-1793 Lord Cornwallis
Establishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courts

Establishment of Sanskrit college

Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam

Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services

1793-1798 Sir John Shore 
Charter act of 1793

Policy of Non-intervention

Battle of Kharda

1798-1805 Lord Wellesley 
Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance System

Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein

Second Anglo – Maratha war

Establishment of Madras presidency

Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta

1805-1807 Sir George Barlow
The Acting Governor-General of India until the arrival of Lord Minto,

Diminished the area of British territory because of his passion for economy and retrenchment,

The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806

1807-1813 Lord Minto I
Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809,

Introduced the Charter Act of 1813

1813-1823 Lord Hastings 
The policy of Non-intervention came to an end

third Anglo-Maratha war

Abolition of Peshwaship

Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras (By Thomas Munroe) and Bombay

Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay

1823-1828  Lord Amherst 
The annexation of Assam led to the first Burmese war of 1824,

The mutiny of Barackpore in 1824


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List of Governor Generals of India

The list of Governor Generals of India is as given below:
Year Governors-General of India Major Reforms
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck
First Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)

Abolition of Sati

Suppression of Thugee, infanticide and child sacrifices.

English Education Act of 1835

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata 

1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe
‘Liberator of the Indian press

detached all restraints on an open press

1836-1842 Lord Auckland
Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India

The first Anglo-Afghan war 

1842-1844 Lord Ellenborough Sindh was annexed
1844-1848 Lord Hardinge I First Anglo Sikh War (1845-46)
  Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India)
introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘

Doctrine of Good

Charles Wood Dispatch

Post Office Act, 1854

1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane

Established engineering college in Roorkee

Second Anglo-Sikh War 

First telegraph line

 Establishment of the Public Works Department 

Abolition of titles and pensions.

Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services 

Widow Remarriage Act

1856-1857 Lord Canning
Three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established

Revolt of 1857 took place

Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.

CR Gopalachari was the only Indian to serve as India's governor-general. In 1950, India became a republic. He served as India's last governor-general before the post was abolished.

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Also read:

Who was Bengal's first Governor-General?

Ans. Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of Bengal, serving from 1772 to 1785.

Who was British India's first Governor-General?

Ans.The first Governor-General of British India was William Bentick. The Governor-General of Bengal was made the Governor-General of British India after the Charter Act of 1833 was approved.

Who was the last governor-general in India?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
The answer is Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. After independence, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general of India. Rajagopalachari was appointed Governor-General of India's Interim Government in June 1948 and served until January 1950.

Who is the first lady governor?

Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She governed Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. Her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, is the longest-serving female governor with almost 11 years tenure in West Bengal.

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