List of governor general's of India

Safalta experts Published by: Ojal Rana Updated Mon, 02 May 2022 11:46 PM IST

Highlights

Check out the List of governor general's of India here with Safalta.

Presidencies were used to split British possessions into administrative entities. Bengal, Madras, and Bombay were the three presidencies. A Governor was in charge of each. The Governor-General was the highest-ranking official in the administration. The first Governor-General, Warren Hastings, instituted a number of administrative reforms, particularly in the area of justice.
Warren Hastings was the first Governor-General of Bengal, serving from 1772 to 1785. Warren Hastings was an English statesman who served as the head of the Bengal Supreme Council. By executing the Regulating Act of 1773, he put a stop to the Dual Government system. In 1781 and 1784, he and William Jones founded the Calcutta Madrasa for the promotion of Islamic studies and the Asiatic Society of Bengal, respectively. In 1801 Hastings was elected a fellow of the Royal Society.
The Governor-General of Bengal was appointed Governor-General of British India by the Charter Act of 1833. And the first Governor-General of British India was William Bentick.

List of Governors-General of Bengal

Year Governor-General of Bengal Major Reforms & Events
1772-1785 Warren Hastings First Governor-General of Bengal

 

End to the dual system of administration

Regulating Act of 1773

Supreme Court at Calcutta

Asiatic Society of Bengal

First Anglo-Maratha War and Treaty of Salbai

First English translation of Bhagavad Gita

Pitt’s India Act-1784

1786-1793 Lord Cornwallis Establishment of Appellate courts and lower grade courts

 

Establishment of Sanskrit college

Third Anglo-Mysore War and Treaty of Seringapatam

Introduction of Permanent Settlement and civil services

1793-1798 Sir John Shore  Charter act of 1793

 

Policy of Non-intervention

Battle of Kharda

1798-1805 Lord Wellesley  Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance System

 

Fourth Anglo- Mysore war and the Treaty of Bassein

Second Anglo – Maratha war

Establishment of Madras presidency

Establishing Fort William College at Calcutta

1805-1807 Sir George Barlow The Acting Governor-General of India until the arrival of Lord Minto,

 

Diminished the area of British territory because of his passion for economy and retrenchment,

The Mutiny of Vellore took place in 1806

1807-1813 Lord Minto I Concluded the treaty of Amritsar with Maharaja Ranjit Singh in 1809,

 

Introduced the Charter Act of 1813

1813-1823 Lord Hastings  The policy of Non-intervention came to an end

 

third Anglo-Maratha war

Abolition of Peshwaship

Establishment of the Ryotwari System in Madras (By Thomas Munroe) and Bombay

Mahalwari system in north-western Provinces and Bombay

1823-1828  Lord Amherst  The annexation of Assam leading to the first Burmese war of 1824,

 

The mutiny of Barrackpore in 1824

 

Governors-General of India

Year Governors-General of India Major Reforms
1828-1835 Lord William Bentinck First Governor-General of India (Charter Act of 1833 made Governor-General of Bengal as Governor-General of India.)

 

Abolition of Sati

Suppression of Thugee, infanticide and child sacrifices.

English Education Act of 1835

Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata 

1835-1836 Lord Charles Metcalfe ‘Liberator of the Indian press

 

detached all restraints on an open press

1836-1842 Lord Auckland Dedicated himself to the improvement of native schools and the expansion of the commercial industry of India

 

The first Anglo-Afghan war 

1842-1844 Lord Ellenborough Sindh was annexed
1844-1848 Lord Hardinge I First Anglo Sikh War (1845-46)
  Lord Dalhousie (Governors-General of India) introduced ‘Doctrine of Lapse‘

 

Doctrine of Good

Charles Wood Dispatch

Post Office Act, 1854

1st Railway line connecting Bombay and Thane

Established engineering college in Roorkee

Second Anglo-Sikh War 

First telegraph line

 Establishment of the Public Works Department 

Abolition of titles and pensions.

Started Competitive  examination for Indian Civil Services 

Widow Remarriage Act

1856-1857 Lord Canning Three universities at Calcutta, Madras and Bombay in 1857 were established

 

Revolt of 1857 took place

Note – Post-1857 Revolt, Governor-General of India was made Viceroy of British India and Canning became the first Viceroy of India/British India.


 

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Who was British India's first Governor-General?

Ans.The first Governor-General of British India was William Bentick. The Governor-General of Bengal was made the Governor-General of British India after the Charter Act of 1833 was approved.

Who was the last governor-general in India?

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
The answer is Chakravarti Rajagopalachari. After independence, Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general of India. Rajagopalachari was appointed Governor-General of India's Interim Government in June 1948 and served until January 1950.

Who is the first lady governor?

Sarojini Naidu was the first woman to become the governor of an Indian state. She governed Uttar Pradesh from 15 August 1947 to 2 March 1949. Her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, is the longest-serving female governor with almost 11 years tenure in West Bengal.

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